From The Collaborative International Dictionary of English v.0.48:

Troubadour \Trou"ba*dour`\, n. [F. troubadour, fr. Pr. trobador,
   (assumed) LL. tropator a singer, tropare to sing, fr. tropus
   a kind of singing, a melody, song, L. tropus a trope, a song,
   Gr. ? a turn, way, manner, particular mode in music, a trope.
   See Trope, and cf. Trouv?re.]
   One of a school of poets who flourished from the eleventh to
   the thirteenth century, principally in Provence, in the south
   of France, and also in the north of Italy. They invented, and
   especially cultivated, a kind of lyrical poetry characterized
   by intricacy of meter and rhyme, and usually of a romantic,
   amatory strain.
   [1913 Webster]
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