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From The Collaborative International Dictionary of English v.0.48:
Vanquish \Van"quish\ (v[a^][ng]"kw[i^]sh), v. t. [imp. & p. p. Vanquished (v[a^][ng]"kw[i^]sht); p. pr. & vb. n. Vanquishing.] [OE. venquishen, venquissen, venkisen, F. vaincre, pret. vainquis, OF. veintre, pret. venqui, venquis (cf. an OF. infin. vainquir), fr. L. vincere; akin to AS. w[imac]g war, battle, w[imac]gend a warrior, w[imac]gan to contend, fight, OHG. w[imac]gant a warrior, w[imac]gan to fight, Icel. v[imac]g battle, Goth. weihan to fight, contend. Cf. Convince, Evict, Invincible, Victor.] 1. To conquer, overcome, or subdue in battle, as an enemy. --Hakluyt. [1913 Webster] They . . . vanquished the rebels in all encounters. --Clarendon. [1913 Webster] 2. Hence, to defeat in any contest; to get the better of; to put down; to refute. [1913 Webster] This bold assertion has been fully vanquished in a late reply to the Bishop of Meaux's treatise. --Atterbury. [1913 Webster] For e'en though vanquished, he could argue still. --Goldsmith. [1913 Webster] Syn: To conquer; surmount; overcome; confute; silence. See Conquer. [1913 Webster]