From The Collaborative International Dictionary of English v.0.48:

Vest \Vest\ (v[e^]st), n. [L. vestis a garment, vesture; akin to
   Goth. wasti, and E. wear: cf. F. veste. See Wear to carry
   on the person, and cf. Divest, Invest, Travesty.]
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   1. An article of clothing covering the person; an outer
      garment; a vestment; a dress; a vesture; a robe.
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            In state attended by her maiden train,
            Who bore the vests that holy rites require.
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   2. Any outer covering; array; garb.
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            Not seldom clothed in radiant vest
            Deceitfully goes forth the morn.      --Wordsworth.
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   3. Specifically, a waistcoat, or sleeveless body garment, for
      men, worn under the coat.
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   Syn: Garment; vesture; dress; robe; vestment; waistcoat.

   Usage: Vest, Waistcoat. In England, the original word
          waistcoat is generally used for the body garment worn
          over the shirt and immediately under the coat. In the
          United States this garment is commonly called a vest,
          and the waistcoat is often improperly given to an
          [1913 Webster]

From The Collaborative International Dictionary of English v.0.48:

Vest \Vest\ (v[e^]st), v. i.
   To come or descend; to be fixed; to take effect, as a title
   or right; -- followed by in; as, upon the death of the
   ancestor, the estate, or the right to the estate, vests in
   the heir at law.
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From The Collaborative International Dictionary of English v.0.48:

Vest \Vest\, v. t. [imp. & p. p. Vested; p. pr. & vb. n.
   Vesting.] [Cf. L. vestire, vestitum, OF. vestir, F.
   v[^e]tir. See Vest, n.]
   1. To clothe with, or as with, a vestment, or garment; to
      dress; to robe; to cover, surround, or encompass closely.
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            Came vested all in white, pure as her mind.
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            With ether vested, and a purple sky.  --Dryden.
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   2. To clothe with authority, power, or the like; to put in
      possession; to invest; to furnish; to endow; -- followed
      by with before the thing conferred; as, to vest a court
      with power to try cases of life and death.
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            Had I been vested with the monarch's power. --Prior.
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   3. To place or give into the possession or discretion of some
      person or authority; to commit to another; -- with in
      before the possessor; as, the power of life and death is
      vested in the king, or in the courts.
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            Empire and dominion was [were] vested in him.
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   4. To invest; to put; as, to vest money in goods, land, or
      houses. [R.]
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   5. (Law) To clothe with possession; as, to vest a person with
      an estate; also, to give a person an immediate fixed right
      of present or future enjoyment of; as, an estate is vested
      in possession. --Bouvier.
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