From The Collaborative International Dictionary of English v.0.48:

Vicarious \Vi*ca"ri*ous\ (v[-i]*k[=a]"[i^]*[u^]s), a. [L.
   vicarius, from vicis change, alternation, turn, the position,
   place, or office of one person as assumed by another; akin to
   Gr. e'i`kein to yield, give way, G. wechsel a change, and
   probably also to E. weak. See Weak, and cf. Vice, prep.]
   1. Of or pertaining to a vicar, substitute, or deputy;
      deputed; delegated; as, vicarious power or authority.
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   2. Acting or suffering for another; as, a vicarious agent or
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            The soul in the body is but a subordinate efficient,
            and vicarious . . . in the hands of the Almighty.
                                                  --Sir M. Hale.
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   3. Performed,experienced, or suffered in the place of
      another; substituted; as, a vicarious sacrifice; vicarious
      punishment; vicarious pleasure.
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            The vicarious work of the Great Deliverer. --I.
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   4. (Med.) Acting as a substitute; -- said of abnormal action
      which replaces a suppressed normal function; as, vicarious
      hemorrhage replacing menstruation.
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