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From The Collaborative International Dictionary of English v.0.48:
Vice \Vice\, a. [Cf. F. vice-. See Vice, prep.] Denoting one who in certain cases may assume the office or duties of a superior; designating an officer or an office that is second in rank or authority; as, vice president; vice agent; vice consul, etc. [1913 Webster] Vice admiral. [Cf. F. vice-amiral.] (a) An officer holding rank next below an admiral. By the existing laws, the rank of admiral and vice admiral in the United States Navy will cease at the death of the present incumbents. (b) A civil officer, in Great Britain, appointed by the lords commissioners of the admiralty for exercising admiralty jurisdiction within their respective districts. Vice admiralty, the office of a vice admiral. Vice-admiralty court, a court with admiralty jurisdiction, established by authority of Parliament in British possessions beyond the seas. --Abbott. Vice chamberlain, an officer in court next in rank to the lord chamberlain. [Eng.] Vice chancellor. (a) (Law) An officer next in rank to a chancellor. (b) An officer in a university, chosen to perform certain duties, as the conferring of degrees, in the absence of the chancellor. (c) (R. C. Ch.) The cardinal at the head of the Roman Chancery. Vice consul [cf. F. vice-consul], a subordinate officer, authorized to exercise consular functions in some particular part of a district controlled by a consul. Vice king, one who acts in the place of a king; a viceroy. Vice legate [cf. F. vice-l['e]gat], a legate second in rank to, or acting in place of, another legate. Vice presidency, the office of vice president. Vice president [cf. F. vice-pr['e]sident], an officer next in rank below a president. [1913 Webster]