wake


From The Collaborative International Dictionary of English v.0.48:

Wake \Wake\, n.
   1. The act of waking, or being awaked; also, the state of
      being awake. [Obs. or Poetic]
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            Making such difference 'twixt wake and sleep.
                                                  --Shak.
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            Singing her flatteries to my morning wake. --Dryden.
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   2. The state of forbearing sleep, especially for solemn or
      festive purposes; a vigil.
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            The warlike wakes continued all the night,
            And funeral games played at new returning light.
                                                  --Dryden.
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            The wood nymphs, decked with daises trim,
            Their merry wakes and pastimes keep.  --Milton.
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   3. Specifically:
      (a) (Ch. of Eng.) An annual parish festival formerly held
          in commemoration of the dedication of a church.
          Originally, prayers were said on the evening
          preceding, and hymns were sung during the night, in
          the church; subsequently, these vigils were
          discontinued, and the day itself, often with
          succeeding days, was occupied in rural pastimes and
          exercises, attended by eating and drinking, often to
          excess.
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                Great solemnities were made in all churches, and
                great fairs and wakes throughout all England.
                                                  --Ld. Berners.
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                And every village smokes at wakes with lusty
                cheer.                            --Drayton.
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      (b) The sitting up of persons with a dead body, often
          attended with a degree of festivity, chiefly among the
          Irish. "Blithe as shepherd at a wake." --Cowper.
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   Wake play, the ceremonies and pastimes connected with a
      wake. See Wake, n., 3
      (b), above. [Obs.] --Chaucer.
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.

From The Collaborative International Dictionary of English v.0.48:

Wake \Wake\, n. [Originally, an open space of water s?rrounded
   by ice, and then, the passage cut through ice for a vessel,
   probably of Scand. origin; cf. Icel. v["o]k a hole, opening
   in ice, Sw. vak, Dan. vaage, perhaps akin to E. humid.]
   The track left by a vessel in the water; by extension, any
   track; as, the wake of an army.
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         This effect followed immediately in the wake of his
         earliest exertions.                      --De Quincey.
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         Several humbler persons . . . formed quite a procession
         in the dusty wake of his chariot wheels. --Thackeray.
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.

From The Collaborative International Dictionary of English v.0.48:

Wake \Wake\, v. i. [imp. & p. p. Wakedor Woke (?); p. pr. &
   vb. n. Waking.] [AS. wacan, wacian; akin to OFries. waka,
   OS. wak?n, D. waken, G. wachen, OHG. wahh?n, Icel. vaka, Sw.
   vaken, Dan. vaage, Goth. wakan, v. i., uswakjan, v. t., Skr.
   v[=a]jay to rouse, to impel. ????. Cf. Vigil, Wait, v.
   i., Watch, v. i.]
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   1. To be or to continue awake; to watch; not to sleep.
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            The father waketh for the daughter.   --Ecclus.
                                                  xlii. 9.
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            Though wisdom wake, suspicion sleeps. --Milton.
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            I can not think any time, waking or sleeping,
            without being sensible of it.         --Locke.
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   2. To sit up late festive purposes; to hold a night revel.
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            The king doth wake to-night, and takes his rouse,
            Keeps wassail, and the swaggering upspring reels.
                                                  --Shak.
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   3. To be excited or roused from sleep; to awake; to be
      awakened; to cease to sleep; -- often with up.
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            He infallibly woke up at the sound of the concluding
            doxology.                             --G. Eliot.
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   4. To be exited or roused up; to be stirred up from a
      dormant, torpid, or inactive state; to be active.
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            Gentle airs due at their hour
            To fan the earth now waked.           --Milton.
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            Then wake, my soul, to high desires.  --Keble.
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From The Collaborative International Dictionary of English v.0.48:

Wake \Wake\, v. t.
   1. To rouse from sleep; to awake.
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            The angel . . . came again and waked me. --Zech. iv.
                                                  1.
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   2. To put in motion or action; to arouse; to excite. "I shall
      waken all this company." --Chaucer.
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            Lest fierce remembrance wake my sudden rage.
                                                  --Milton.
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            Even Richard's crusade woke little interest in his
            island realm.                         --J. R. Green.
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   3. To bring to life again, as if from the sleep of death; to
      reanimate; to revive.
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            To second life
            Waked in the renovation of the just.  --Milton.
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   4. To watch, or sit up with, at night, as a dead body.
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