weak declension


From The Collaborative International Dictionary of English v.0.48:

Weak \Weak\ (w[=e]k), a. [Compar. Weaker (w[=e]k"[~e]r);
   superl. Weakest.] [OE. weik, Icel. veikr; akin to Sw. vek,
   Dan. veg soft, flexible, pliant, AS. w[=a]c weak, soft,
   pliant, D. week, G. weich, OHG. weih; all from the verb seen
   in Icel. v[imac]kja to turn, veer, recede, AS. w[imac]can to
   yield, give way, G. weichen, OHG. w[imac]hhan, akin to Skr.
   vij, and probably to E. week, L. vicis a change, turn, Gr.
   e'i`kein to yield, give way. [root]132. Cf. Week, Wink,
   v. i. Vicissitude.]
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   1. Wanting physical strength. Specifically: 
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      (a) Deficient in strength of body; feeble; infirm; sickly;
          debilitated; enfeebled; exhausted.
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                A poor, infirm, weak, and despised old man.
                                                  --Shak.
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                Weak with hunger, mad with love.  --Dryden.
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      (b) Not able to sustain a great weight, pressure, or
          strain; as, a weak timber; a weak rope.
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      (c) Not firmly united or adhesive; easily broken or
          separated into pieces; not compact; as, a weak ship.
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      (d) Not stiff; pliant; frail; soft; as, the weak stalk of
          a plant.
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      (e) Not able to resist external force or onset; easily
          subdued or overcome; as, a weak barrier; as, a weak
          fortress.
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      (f) Lacking force of utterance or sound; not sonorous;
          low; small; feeble; faint.
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                A voice not soft, weak, piping, and womanish.
                                                  --Ascham.
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      (g) Not thoroughly or abundantly impregnated with the
          usual or required ingredients, or with stimulating and
          nourishing substances; of less than the usual
          strength; as, weak tea, broth, or liquor; a weak
          decoction or solution; a weak dose of medicine.
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      (h) Lacking ability for an appropriate function or office;
          as, weak eyes; a weak stomach; a weak magistrate; a
          weak regiment, or army.
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   2. Not possessing or manifesting intellectual, logical,
      moral, or political strength, vigor, etc. Specifically: 
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      (a) Feeble of mind; wanting discernment; lacking vigor;
          spiritless; as, a weak king or magistrate.
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                To think every thing disputable is a proof of a
                weak mind and captious temper.    --Beattie.
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                Origen was never weak enough to imagine that
                there were two Gods.              --Waterland.
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      (b) Resulting from, or indicating, lack of judgment,
          discernment, or firmness; unwise; hence, foolish.
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                If evil thence ensue,
                She first his weak indulgence will accuse.
                                                  --Milton.
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      (c) Not having full confidence or conviction; not decided
          or confirmed; vacillating; wavering.
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                Him that is weak in the faith receive ye, but
                not to doubtful disputations.     --Rom. xiv. 1.
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      (d) Not able to withstand temptation, urgency, persuasion,
          etc.; easily impressed, moved, or overcome;
          accessible; vulnerable; as, weak resolutions; weak
          virtue.
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                Guard thy heart
                On this weak side, where most our nature fails.
                                                  --Addison.
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      (e) Wanting in power to influence or bind; as, weak ties;
          a weak sense of honor of duty.
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      (f) Not having power to convince; not supported by force
          of reason or truth; unsustained; as, a weak argument
          or case. "Convinced of his weak arguing." --Milton.
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                A case so weak . . . hath much persisted in.
                                                  --Hooker.
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      (g) Wanting in point or vigor of expression; as, a weak
          sentence; a weak style.
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      (h) Not prevalent or effective, or not felt to be
          prevalent; not potent; feeble. "Weak prayers." --Shak.
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      (i) Lacking in elements of political strength; not
          wielding or having authority or energy; deficient in
          the resources that are essential to a ruler or nation;
          as, a weak monarch; a weak government or state.
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                I must make fair weather yet awhile,
                Till Henry be more weak, and I more strong.
                                                  --Shak.
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      (k) (Stock Exchange) Tending towards lower prices; as, a
          weak market.
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   3. (Gram.)
      (a) Pertaining to, or designating, a verb which forms its
          preterit (imperfect) and past participle by adding to
          the present the suffix -ed, -d, or the variant form
          -t; as in the verbs abash, abashed; abate, abated;
          deny, denied; feel, felt. See Strong, 19
      (a) .
      (b) Pertaining to, or designating, a noun in Anglo-Saxon,
          etc., the stem of which ends in -n. See Strong, 19
      (b) .
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   4. (Stock Exchange) Tending toward a lower price or lower
      prices; as, wheat is weak; a weak market.
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   5. (Card Playing) Lacking in good cards; deficient as to
      number or strength; as, a hand weak in trumps.
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   6. (Photog.) Lacking contrast; as, a weak negative.
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   Note: Weak is often used in the formation of self-explaining
         compounds; as, weak-eyed, weak-handed, weak-hearted,
         weak-minded, weak-spirited, and the like.
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   Weak conjugation (Gram.), the conjugation of weak verbs; --
      called also new conjugation, or regular conjugation,
      and distinguished from the old conjugation, or
      irregular conjugation.

   Weak declension (Anglo-Saxon Gram.), the declension of weak
      nouns; also, one of the declensions of adjectives.

   Weak side, the side or aspect of a person's character or
      disposition by which he is most easily affected or
      influenced; weakness; infirmity.

   weak sore or weak ulcer (Med.), a sore covered with pale,
      flabby, sluggish granulations.
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