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From The Collaborative International Dictionary of English v.0.48:
Weather \Weath"er\, n. [OE. weder, AS. weder; akin to OS. wedar, OFries. weder, D. weder, we[^e]r, G. wetter, OHG. wetar, Icel. ve[eth]r, Dan. veir, Sw. v[aum]der wind, air, weather, and perhaps to OSlav. vedro fair weather; or perhaps to Lith. vetra storm, Russ. vieter', vietr', wind, and E. wind. Cf. Wither.] [1913 Webster] 1. The state of the air or atmosphere with respect to heat or cold, wetness or dryness, calm or storm, clearness or cloudiness, or any other meteorological phenomena; meteorological condition of the atmosphere; as, warm weather; cold weather; wet weather; dry weather, etc. [1913 Webster] Not amiss to cool a man's stomach this hot weather. --Shak. [1913 Webster] Fair weather cometh out of the north. --Job xxxvii. 22. [1913 Webster] 2. Vicissitude of season; meteorological change; alternation of the state of the air. --Bacon. [1913 Webster] 3. Storm; tempest. [1913 Webster] What gusts of weather from that gathering cloud My thoughts presage! --Dryden. [1913 Webster] 4. A light rain; a shower. [Obs.] --Wyclif. [1913 Webster] Stress of weather, violent winds; force of tempests. To make fair weather, to flatter; to give flattering representations. [R.] To make good weather, or To make bad weather (Naut.), to endure a gale well or ill; -- said of a vessel. --Shak. Under the weather, ill; also, financially embarrassed. [Colloq. U. S.] --Bartlett. Weather box. Same as Weather house, below. --Thackeray. Weather breeder, a fine day which is supposed to presage foul weather. Weather bureau, a popular name for the signal service. See Signal service, under Signal, a. [U. S.] Weather cloth (Naut.), a long piece of canvas of tarpaulin used to preserve the hammocks from injury by the weather when stowed in the nettings. Weather door. (Mining) See Trapdoor, 2. Weather gall. Same as Water gall, 2. [Prov. Eng.] --Halliwell. Weather house, a mechanical contrivance in the form of a house, which indicates changes in atmospheric conditions by the appearance or retirement of toy images. [1913 Webster] Peace to the artist whose ingenious thought Devised the weather house, that useful toy! --Cowper. [1913 Webster] Weather molding, or Weather moulding (Arch.), a canopy or cornice over a door or a window, to throw off the rain. Weather of a windmill sail, the obliquity of the sail, or the angle which it makes with its plane of revolution. Weather report, a daily report of meteorological observations, and of probable changes in the weather; esp., one published by government authority. Weather spy, a stargazer; one who foretells the weather. [R.] --Donne. Weather strip (Arch.), a strip of wood, rubber, or other material, applied to an outer door or window so as to cover the joint made by it with the sill, casings, or threshold, in order to exclude rain, snow, cold air, etc. [1913 Webster]