week day


From The Collaborative International Dictionary of English v.0.48:

Week \Week\, n. [OE. weke, wike, woke, wuke AS. weocu, wicu,
   wucu; akin to OS. wika, OFries. wike, D. week, G. woche, OHG.
   wohha, wehha, Icel. vika, Sw. vecka, Dan. uge, Goth. wik?,
   probably originally meaning, a succession or change, and akin
   to G. wechsel change, L. vicis turn, alternation, and E.
   weak. Cf. Weak.]
   A period of seven days, usually that reckoned from one
   Sabbath or Sunday to the next.
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         I fast twice in the week.                --Luke xviii.
                                                  12.
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   Note: Although it [the week] did not enter into the calendar
         of the Greeks, and was not introduced at Rome till
         after the reign of Theodesius, it has been employed
         from time immemorial in almost all Eastern countries.
         --Encyc. Brit.
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   Feast of Weeks. See Pentecost, 1.

   Prophetic week, a week of years, or seven years. --Dan. ix.
      24.

   Week day. See under Day.
      [1913 Webster]
.

From The Collaborative International Dictionary of English v.0.48:

Day \Day\ (d[=a]), n. [OE. day, dai, dei, AS. d[ae]g; akin to
   OS., D., Dan., & Sw. dag, G. tag, Icel. dagr, Goth. dags; cf.
   Skr. dah (for dhagh ?) to burn. [root]69. Cf. Dawn.]
   1. The time of light, or interval between one night and the
      next; the time between sunrise and sunset, or from dawn to
      darkness; hence, the light; sunshine; -- also called
      daytime.
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   2. The period of the earth's revolution on its axis. --
      ordinarily divided into twenty-four hours. It is measured
      by the interval between two successive transits of a
      celestial body over the same meridian, and takes a
      specific name from that of the body. Thus, if this is the
      sun, the day (the interval between two successive transits
      of the sun's center over the same meridian) is called a
      solar day; if it is a star, a sidereal day; if it is
      the moon, a lunar day. See Civil day, Sidereal day,
      below.
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   3. Those hours, or the daily recurring period, allotted by
      usage or law for work.
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   4. A specified time or period; time, considered with
      reference to the existence or prominence of a person or
      thing; age; time.
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            A man who was great among the Hellenes of his day.
                                                  --Jowett
                                                  (Thucyd. )
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            If my debtors do not keep their day, . . .
            I must with patience all the terms attend. --Dryden.
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   5. (Preceded by the) Some day in particular, as some day of
      contest, some anniversary, etc.
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            The field of Agincourt,
            Fought on the day of Crispin Crispianus. --Shak.
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            His name struck fear, his conduct won the day.
                                                  --Roscommon.
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   Note: Day is much used in self-explaining compounds; as,
         daybreak, daylight, workday, etc.
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   Anniversary day. See Anniversary, n.

   Astronomical day, a period equal to the mean solar day, but
      beginning at noon instead of at midnight, its twenty-four
      hours being numbered from 1 to 24; also, the sidereal day,
      as that most used by astronomers.

   Born days. See under Born.

   Canicular days. See Dog day.

   Civil day, the mean solar day, used in the ordinary
      reckoning of time, and among most modern nations beginning
      at mean midnight; its hours are usually numbered in two
      series, each from 1 to 12. This is the period recognized
      by courts as constituting a day. The Babylonians and
      Hindoos began their day at sunrise, the Athenians and Jews
      at sunset, the ancient Egyptians and Romans at midnight.
      

   Day blindness. (Med.) See Nyctalopia.

   Day by day, or Day after day, daily; every day;
      continually; without intermission of a day. See under
      By. "Day by day we magnify thee." --Book of Common
      Prayer.

   Days in bank (Eng. Law), certain stated days for the return
      of writs and the appearance of parties; -- so called
      because originally peculiar to the Court of Common Bench,
      or Bench (bank) as it was formerly termed. --Burrill.

   Day in court, a day for the appearance of parties in a
      suit.

   Days of devotion (R. C. Ch.), certain festivals on which
      devotion leads the faithful to attend mass. --Shipley.

   Days of grace. See Grace.

   Days of obligation (R. C. Ch.), festival days when it is
      obligatory on the faithful to attend Mass. --Shipley.

   Day owl, (Zool.), an owl that flies by day. See Hawk owl.
      

   Day rule (Eng. Law), an order of court (now abolished)
      allowing a prisoner, under certain circumstances, to go
      beyond the prison limits for a single day.

   Day school, one which the pupils attend only in daytime, in
      distinction from a boarding school.

   Day sight. (Med.) See Hemeralopia.

   Day's work (Naut.), the account or reckoning of a ship's
      course for twenty-four hours, from noon to noon.

   From day to day, as time passes; in the course of time; as,
      he improves from day to day.

   Jewish day, the time between sunset and sunset.

   Mean solar day (Astron.), the mean or average of all the
      apparent solar days of the year.

   One day, One of these days, at an uncertain time, usually
      of the future, rarely of the past; sooner or later. "Well,
      niece, I hope to see you one day fitted with a husband."
      --Shak.

   Only from day to day, without certainty of continuance;
      temporarily. --Bacon.

   Sidereal day, the interval between two successive transits
      of the first point of Aries over the same meridian. The
      Sidereal day is 23 h. 56 m. 4.09 s. of mean solar time.

   To win the day, to gain the victory, to be successful. --S.
      Butler.

   Week day, any day of the week except Sunday; a working day.
      

   Working day.
      (a) A day when work may be legally done, in distinction
          from Sundays and legal holidays.
      (b) The number of hours, determined by law or custom,
          during which a workman, hired at a stated price per
          day, must work to be entitled to a day's pay.
          [1913 Webster]
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