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From The Collaborative International Dictionary of English v.0.48:
Where \Where\, adv. [OE. wher, whar, AS. hw?r; akin to D. waar, OS. hw?r, OHG. hw[=a]r, w[=a]r, w[=a], G. wo, Icel. and Sw. hvar, Dan. hvor, Goth. hwar, and E. who; cf. Skr. karhi when. [root]182. See Who, and cf. There.] [1913 Webster] 1. At or in what place; hence, in what situation, position, or circumstances; -- used interrogatively. [1913 Webster] God called unto Adam, . . . Where art thou? --Gen. iii. 9. [1913 Webster] Note: See the Note under What, pron., 1. [1913 Webster] 2. At or in which place; at the place in which; hence, in the case or instance in which; -- used relatively. [1913 Webster] She visited that place where first she was so happy. --Sir P. Sidney. [1913 Webster] Where I thought the remnant of mine age Should have been cherished by her childlike duty. --Shak. [1913 Webster] Where one on his side fights, thousands will fly. --Shak. [1913 Webster] But where he rode one mile, the dwarf ran four. --Sir W. Scott. [1913 Webster] 3. To what or which place; hence, to what goal, result, or issue; whither; -- used interrogatively and relatively; as, where are you going? [1913 Webster] But where does this tend? --Goldsmith. [1913 Webster] Lodged in sunny cleft, Where the gold breezes come not. --Bryant. [1913 Webster] Note: Where is often used pronominally with or without a preposition, in elliptical sentences for a place in which, the place in which, or what place. [1913 Webster] The star . . . stood over where the young child was. --Matt. ii. 9. [1913 Webster] The Son of man hath not where to lay his head. --Matt. viii. 20. [1913 Webster] Within about twenty paces of where we were. --Goldsmith. [1913 Webster] Where did the minstrels come from? --Dickens. [1913 Webster] Note: Where is much used in composition with preposition, and then is equivalent to a pronoun. Cf. Whereat, Whereby, Wherefore, Wherein, etc. [1913 Webster] Where away (Naut.), in what direction; as, where away is the land? [1913 Webster] Syn: See Whither. [1913 Webster]