white lead


From The Collaborative International Dictionary of English v.0.48:

Lead \Lead\ (l[e^]d), n. [OE. led, leed, lead, AS. le['a]d; akin
   to D. lood, MHG. l[=o]t, G. loth plummet, sounding lead,
   small weight, Sw. & Dan. lod. [root]123.]
   1. (Chem.) One of the elements, a heavy, pliable, inelastic
      metal, having a bright, bluish color, but easily
      tarnished. It is both malleable and ductile, though with
      little tenacity, and is used for tubes, sheets, bullets,
      etc. Its specific gravity is 11.37. It is easily fusible
      (melting point 327.5[deg] C), forms alloys with other
      metals, and is an ingredient of solder and type metal.
      Atomic number 82. Atomic weight, 207.2. Symbol Pb (L.
      Plumbum). It is chiefly obtained from the mineral galena,
      lead sulphide.
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   2. An article made of lead or an alloy of lead; as:
      (a) A plummet or mass of lead, used in sounding at sea.
      (b) (Print.) A thin strip of type metal, used to separate
          lines of type in printing.
      (c) Sheets or plates of lead used as a covering for roofs;
          hence, pl., a roof covered with lead sheets or terne
          plates.
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                I would have the tower two stories, and goodly
                leads upon the top.               --Bacon
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   3. A small cylinder of black lead or graphite, used in
      pencils.
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   Black lead, graphite or plumbago; -- so called from its
      leadlike appearance and streak. [Colloq.]

   Coasting lead, a sounding lead intermediate in weight
      between a hand lead and deep-sea lead.

   Deep-sea lead, the heaviest of sounding leads, used in
      water exceeding a hundred fathoms in depth. --Ham. Nav.
      Encyc.

   Hand lead, a small lead use for sounding in shallow water.
      

   Krems lead, Kremnitz lead [so called from Krems or
      Kremnitz, in Austria], a pure variety of white lead,
      formed into tablets, and called also Krems white, or
      Kremnitz white, and Vienna white.

   Lead arming, tallow put in the hollow of a sounding lead.
      See To arm the lead (below).

   Lead colic. See under Colic.

   Lead color, a deep bluish gray color, like tarnished lead.
      

   Lead glance. (Min.) Same as Galena.

   Lead line
      (a) (Med.) A dark line along the gums produced by a
          deposit of metallic lead, due to lead poisoning.
      (b) (Naut.) A sounding line.

   Lead mill, a leaden polishing wheel, used by lapidaries.

   Lead ocher (Min.), a massive sulphur-yellow oxide of lead.
      Same as Massicot.

   Lead pencil, a pencil of which the marking material is
      graphite (black lead).

   Lead plant (Bot.), a low leguminous plant, genus Amorpha
      (Amorpha canescens), found in the Northwestern United
      States, where its presence is supposed to indicate lead
      ore. --Gray.

   Lead tree.
      (a) (Bot.) A West Indian name for the tropical, leguminous
          tree, Leuc[ae]na glauca; -- probably so called from
          the glaucous color of the foliage.
      (b) (Chem.) Lead crystallized in arborescent forms from a
          solution of some lead salt, as by suspending a strip
          of zinc in lead acetate.

   Mock lead, a miner's term for blende.

   Red lead, a scarlet, crystalline, granular powder,
      consisting of minium when pure, but commonly containing
      several of the oxides of lead. It is used as a paint or
      cement and also as an ingredient of flint glass.

   Red lead ore (Min.), crocoite.

   Sugar of lead, acetate of lead.

   To arm the lead, to fill the hollow in the bottom of a
      sounding lead with tallow in order to discover the nature
      of the bottom by the substances adhering. --Ham. Nav.
      Encyc.

   To cast the lead, or To heave the lead, to cast the
      sounding lead for ascertaining the depth of water.

   White lead, hydrated carbonate of lead, obtained as a
      white, amorphous powder, and much used as an ingredient of
      white paint.
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.

From The Collaborative International Dictionary of English v.0.48:

White \White\ (hw[imac]t), a. [Compar. Whiter
   (hw[imac]t"[~e]r); superl. Whitest.] [OE. whit, AS.
   hw[imac]t; akin to OFries. and OS. hw[imac]t, D. wit, G.
   weiss, OHG. w[imac]z, hw[imac]z, Icel. hv[imac]tr, Sw. hvit,
   Dan. hvid, Goth. hweits, Lith. szveisti, to make bright,
   Russ. sviet' light, Skr. [,c]v[=e]ta white, [,c]vit to be
   bright. [root]42. Cf. Wheat, Whitsunday.]
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   1. Reflecting to the eye all the rays of the spectrum
      combined; not tinted with any of the proper colors or
      their mixtures; having the color of pure snow; snowy; --
      the opposite of black or dark; as, white paper; a
      white skin. "Pearls white." --Chaucer.
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            White as the whitest lily on a stream. --Longfellow.
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   2. Destitute of color, as in the cheeks, or of the tinge of
      blood color; pale; pallid; as, white with fear.
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            Or whispering with white lips, "The foe!
            They come! they come!"                --Byron.
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   3. Having the color of purity; free from spot or blemish, or
      from guilt or pollution; innocent; pure.
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            White as thy fame, and as thy honor clear. --Dryden.
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            No whiter page than Addison's remains. --Pope.
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   4. Gray, as from age; having silvery hair; hoary.
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            Your high engendered battles 'gainst a head
            So old and white as this.             --Shak.
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   5. Characterized by freedom from that which disturbs, and the
      like; fortunate; happy; favorable.
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            On the whole, however, the dominie reckoned this as
            one of the white days of his life.    --Sir W.
                                                  Scott.
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   6. Regarded with especial favor; favorite; darling.
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            Come forth, my white spouse.          --Chaucer.
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            I am his white boy, and will not be gullet. --Ford.
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   Note: White is used in many self-explaining compounds, as
         white-backed, white-bearded, white-footed.
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   White alder. (Bot.) See Sweet pepper bush, under
      Pepper.

   White ant (Zool.), any one of numerous species of social
      pseudoneuropterous insects of the genus Termes. These
      insects are very abundant in tropical countries, and form
      large and complex communities consisting of numerous
      asexual workers of one or more kinds, of large-headed
      asexual individuals called soldiers, of one or more queens
      (or fertile females) often having the body enormously
      distended by the eggs, and, at certain seasons of numerous
      winged males, together with the larvae and pupae of each
      kind in various stages of development. Many of the species
      construct large and complicated nests, sometimes in the
      form of domelike structures rising several feet above the
      ground and connected with extensive subterranean galleries
      and chambers. In their social habits they closely resemble
      the true ants. They feed upon animal and vegetable
      substances of various kinds, including timber, and are
      often very destructive to buildings and furniture.

   White arsenic (Chem.), arsenious oxide, As2O3, a
      substance of a white color, and vitreous adamantine
      luster, having an astringent, sweetish taste. It is a
      deadly poison.

   White bass (Zool.), a fresh-water North American bass
      (Roccus chrysops) found in the Great Likes.

   White bear (Zool.), the polar bear. See under Polar.

   White blood cell. (Physiol.) See Leucocyte.

   White brand (Zool.), the snow goose.

   White brass, a white alloy of copper; white copper.

   White campion. (Bot.)
      (a) A kind of catchfly (Silene stellata) with white
          flowers.
      (b) A white-flowered Lychnis (Lychnis vespertina).

   White canon (R. C. Ch.), a Premonstratensian.

   White caps, the members of a secret organization in various
      of the United States, who attempt to drive away or reform
      obnoxious persons by lynch-law methods. They appear masked
      in white. Their actions resembled those of the Ku Klux
      Klan in some ways but they were not formally affiliated
      with the Klan, and their victims were often not black.

   White cedar (Bot.), an evergreen tree of North America
      (Thuja occidentalis), also the related {Cupressus
      thyoides}, or Chamaecyparis sphaeroidea, a slender
      evergreen conifer which grows in the so-called cedar
      swamps of the Northern and Atlantic States. Both are much
      valued for their durable timber. In California the name is
      given to the Libocedrus decurrens, the timber of which
      is also useful, though often subject to dry rot.
      --Goodale. The white cedar of Demerara, Guiana, etc., is a
      lofty tree (Icica altissima syn. Bursera altissima)
      whose fragrant wood is used for canoes and cabinetwork, as
      it is not attacked by insect.

   White cell. (Physiol.) See Leucocyte.

   White cell-blood (Med.), leucocythaemia.

   White clover (Bot.), a species of small perennial clover
      bearing white flowers. It furnishes excellent food for
      cattle and horses, as well as for the honeybee. See also
      under Clover.

   White copper, a whitish alloy of copper. See {German
      silver}, under German.

   White copperas (Min.), a native hydrous sulphate of iron;
      coquimbite.

   White coral (Zool.), an ornamental branched coral
      (Amphihelia oculata) native of the Mediterranean.

   White corpuscle. (Physiol.) See Leucocyte.

   White cricket (Zool.), the tree cricket.

   White crop, a crop of grain which loses its green color, or
      becomes white, in ripening, as wheat, rye, barley, and
      oats, as distinguished from a green crop, or a root crop.
      

   White currant (Bot.), a variety of the common red currant,
      having white berries.

   White daisy (Bot.), the oxeye daisy. See under Daisy.

   White damp, a kind of poisonous gas encountered in coal
      mines. --Raymond.

   White elephant (Zool.),
      (a) a whitish, or albino, variety of the Asiatic elephant.
      (b) see white elephant in the vocabulary.

   White elm (Bot.), a majestic tree of North America ({Ulmus
      Americana}), the timber of which is much used for hubs of
      wheels, and for other purposes.

   White ensign. See Saint George's ensign, under Saint.
      

   White feather, a mark or symbol of cowardice. See {To show
      the white feather}, under Feather, n.

   White fir (Bot.), a name given to several coniferous trees
      of the Pacific States, as Abies grandis, and {Abies
      concolor}.

   White flesher (Zool.), the ruffed grouse. See under
      Ruffed. [Canada]

   White frost. See Hoarfrost.

   White game (Zool.), the white ptarmigan.

   White garnet (Min.), leucite.

   White grass (Bot.), an American grass (Leersia Virginica)
      with greenish-white paleae.

   White grouse. (Zool.)
      (a) The white ptarmigan.
      (b) The prairie chicken. [Local, U. S.]

   White grub (Zool.), the larva of the June bug and other
      allied species. These grubs eat the roots of grasses and
      other plants, and often do much damage.

   White hake (Zool.), the squirrel hake. See under
      Squirrel.

   White hawk, or White kite (Zool.), the hen harrier.

   White heat, the temperature at which bodies become
      incandescent, and appear white from the bright light which
      they emit.

   White hellebore (Bot.), a plant of the genus Veratrum
      (Veratrum album) See Hellebore, 2.

   White herring, a fresh, or unsmoked, herring, as
      distinguished from a red, or cured, herring. [R.] --Shak.

   White hoolet (Zool.), the barn owl. [Prov. Eng.]

   White horses (Naut.), white-topped waves; whitecaps.

   The White House. See under House.

   White ibis (Zool.), an American ibis (Guara alba) having
      the plumage pure white, except the tips of the wings,
      which are black. It inhabits tropical America and the
      Southern United States. Called also Spanish curlew.

   White iron.
      (a) Thin sheets of iron coated with tin; tinned iron.
      (b) A hard, silvery-white cast iron containing a large
          proportion of combined carbon.

   White iron pyrites (Min.), marcasite.

   White land, a tough clayey soil, of a whitish hue when dry,
      but blackish after rain. [Eng.]

   White lark (Zool.), the snow bunting.

   White lead.
      (a) A carbonate of lead much used in painting, and for
          other purposes; ceruse.
      (b) (Min.) Native lead carbonate; cerusite.

   White leather, buff leather; leather tanned with alum and
      salt.

   White leg (Med.), milk leg. See under Milk.

   White lettuce (Bot.), rattlesnake root. See under
      Rattlesnake.

   White lie. See under Lie.

   White light.
      (a) (Physics) Light having the different colors in the
          same proportion as in the light coming directly from
          the sun, without having been decomposed, as by passing
          through a prism. See the Note under Color, n., 1.
      (b) A kind of firework which gives a brilliant white
          illumination for signals, etc.

   White lime, a solution or preparation of lime for
      whitewashing; whitewash.

   White line (Print.), a void space of the breadth of a line,
      on a printed page; a blank line.

   White meat.
      (a) Any light-colored flesh, especially of poultry.
      (b) Food made from milk or eggs, as butter, cheese, etc.
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                Driving their cattle continually with them, and
                feeding only upon their milk and white meats.
                                                  --Spenser.
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   White merganser (Zool.), the smew.

   White metal.
      (a) Any one of several white alloys, as pewter, britannia,
          etc.
      (b) (Metal.) A fine grade of copper sulphide obtained at a
          certain stage in copper smelting.

   White miller. (Zool.)
      (a) The common clothes moth.
      (b) A common American bombycid moth ({Spilosoma
          Virginica}) which is pure white with a few small black
          spots; -- called also ermine moth, and {virgin
          moth}. See Woolly bear, under Woolly.

   White money, silver money.

   White mouse (Zool.), the albino variety of the common
      mouse.

   White mullet (Zool.), a silvery mullet (Mugil curema)
      ranging from the coast of the United States to Brazil; --
      called also blue-back mullet, and liza.

   White nun (Zool.), the smew; -- so called from the white
      crest and the band of black feathers on the back of its
      head, which give the appearance of a hood.

   White oak. (Bot.) See under Oak.

   White owl. (Zool.)
      (a) The snowy owl.
      (b) The barn owl.

   White partridge (Zool.), the white ptarmigan.

   White perch. (Zool.)
      (a) A North American fresh-water bass (Morone Americana)
          valued as a food fish.
      (b) The croaker, or fresh-water drum.
      (c) Any California surf fish.

   White pine. (Bot.) See the Note under Pine.

   White poplar (Bot.), a European tree (Populus alba) often
      cultivated as a shade tree in America; abele.

   White poppy (Bot.), the opium-yielding poppy. See Poppy.
      

   White powder, a kind of gunpowder formerly believed to
      exist, and to have the power of exploding without noise.
      [Obs.]
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            A pistol charged with white powder.   --Beau. & Fl.
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   White precipitate. (Old Chem.) See under Precipitate.

   White rabbit. (Zool.)
      (a) The American northern hare in its winter pelage.
      (b) An albino rabbit.

   White rent,
      (a) (Eng. Law) Formerly, rent payable in silver; --
          opposed to black rent. See Blackmail, n., 3.
      (b) A rent, or duty, of eight pence, payable yearly by
          every tinner in Devon and Cornwall to the Duke of
          Cornwall, as lord of the soil. [Prov. Eng.]

   White rhinoceros. (Zool.)
      (a) The one-horned, or Indian, rhinoceros ({Rhinoceros
          Indicus}). See Rhinoceros.
      (b) The umhofo.

   White ribbon, the distinctive badge of certain
      organizations for the promotion of temperance or of moral
      purity; as, the White-ribbon Army.

   White rope (Naut.), untarred hemp rope.

   White rot. (Bot.)
      (a) Either of several plants, as marsh pennywort and
          butterwort, which were thought to produce the disease
          called rot in sheep.
      (b) A disease of grapes. See White rot, under Rot.

   White sage (Bot.), a white, woolly undershrub ({Eurotia
      lanata}) of Western North America; -- called also {winter
      fat}.

   White salmon (Zool.), the silver salmon.

   White salt, salt dried and calcined; decrepitated salt.

   White scale (Zool.), a scale insect (Aspidiotus Nerii)
      injurious to the orange tree. See Orange scale, under
      Orange.

   White shark (Zool.), a species of man-eating shark. See
      under Shark.

   White softening. (Med.) See Softening of the brain, under
      Softening.

   White spruce. (Bot.) See Spruce, n., 1.

   White squall (Naut.), a sudden gust of wind, or furious
      blow, which comes up without being marked in its approach
      otherwise than by whitecaps, or white, broken water, on
      the surface of the sea.

   White staff, the badge of the lord high treasurer of
      England. --Macaulay.

   White stork (Zool.), the common European stork.

   White sturgeon. (Zool.) See Shovelnose
      (d) .

   White sucker. (Zool.)
      (a) The common sucker.
      (b) The common red horse (Moxostoma macrolepidotum).

   White swelling (Med.), a chronic swelling of the knee,
      produced by a strumous inflammation of the synovial
      membranes of the kneejoint and of the cancellar texture of
      the end of the bone forming the kneejoint; -- applied also
      to a lingering chronic swelling of almost any kind.

   White tombac. See Tombac.

   White trout (Zool.), the white weakfish, or silver
      squeteague (Cynoscion nothus), of the Southern United
      States.

   White vitriol (Chem.), hydrous sulphate of zinc. See {White
      vitriol}, under Vitriol.

   White wagtail (Zool.), the common, or pied, wagtail.

   White wax, beeswax rendered white by bleaching.

   White whale (Zool.), the beluga.

   White widgeon (Zool.), the smew.

   White wine. any wine of a clear, transparent color,
      bordering on white, as Madeira, sherry, Lisbon, etc.; --
      distinguished from wines of a deep red color, as port and
      Burgundy. "White wine of Lepe." --Chaucer.

   White witch, a witch or wizard whose supernatural powers
      are supposed to be exercised for good and beneficent
      purposes. --Addison. --Cotton Mather.

   White wolf. (Zool.)
      (a) A light-colored wolf (Canis laniger) native of
          Thibet; -- called also chanco, golden wolf, and
          Thibetan wolf.
      (b) The albino variety of the gray wolf.

   White wren (Zool.), the willow warbler; -- so called from
      the color of the under parts.
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