From The Collaborative International Dictionary of English v.0.48:

Why \Why\, adv. [OE. whi, why, AS. hw[imac], hw?, instrumental
   case of hw[=a], hw[ae]t; akin to Icel. hv[imac] why, Dan. &
   Sw. hvi; cf. Goth. hw?. ?. See Who.]
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   1. For what cause, reason, or purpose; on what account;
      wherefore; -- used interrogatively. See the Note under
      What, pron., 1.
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            Turn ye, turn ye from your evil ways; for why will
            ye die, O house of Israel?            --Ezek.
                                                  xxxiii. 11.
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   2. For which; on account of which; -- used relatively.
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            No ground of enmity between us known
            Why he should mean me ill or seek to harm. --Milton.
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            Turn the discourse; I have a reason why
            I would not have you speak so tenderly. --Dryden.
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   3. The reason or cause for which; that on account of which;
      on what account; as, I know not why he left town so
      suddenly; -- used as a compound relative.
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   Note: Why is sometimes used as an interjection or an
         expletive in expression of surprise or content at a
         turn of affairs; used also in calling. "Why, Jessica!"
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               If her chill heart I can not move,
               Why, I'll enjoy the very love.     --Cowley.
         [1913 Webster] Sometimes, also, it is used as a noun.
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               The how and the why and the where. --Goldsmith.
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   For why, because; why. See Forwhy. [Obs. or Colloq.]
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From The Collaborative International Dictionary of English v.0.48:

Why \Why\, n.
   A young heifer. [Prov. Eng.] --Grose.
   [1913 Webster] Whydah bird
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