wild cat

From The Collaborative International Dictionary of English v.0.48:

Wild \Wild\, a. [Compar. Wilder; superl. Wildest.] [OE.
   wilde, AS. wilde; akin to OFries. wilde, D. wild, OS. & OHG.
   wildi, G. wild, Sw. & Dan. vild, Icel. villr wild,
   bewildered, astray, Goth. wilpeis wild, and G. & OHG. wild
   game, deer; of uncertain origin.]
   [1913 Webster]
   1. Living in a state of nature; inhabiting natural haunts, as
      the forest or open field; not familiar with, or not easily
      approached by, man; not tamed or domesticated; as, a wild
      boar; a wild ox; a wild cat.
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            Winter's not gone yet, if the wild geese fly that
            way.                                  --Shak.
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   2. Growing or produced without culture; growing or prepared
      without the aid and care of man; native; not cultivated;
      brought forth by unassisted nature or by animals not
      domesticated; as, wild parsnip, wild camomile, wild
      strawberry, wild honey.
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            The woods and desert caves,
            With wild thyme and gadding vine o'ergrown.
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   3. Desert; not inhabited or cultivated; as, wild land. "To
      trace the forests wild." --Shak.
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   4. Savage; uncivilized; not refined by culture; ferocious;
      rude; as, wild natives of Africa or America.
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   5. Not submitted to restraint, training, or regulation;
      turbulent; tempestuous; violent; ungoverned; licentious;
      inordinate; disorderly; irregular; fanciful; imaginary;
      visionary; crazy. "Valor grown wild by pride." --Prior. "A
      wild, speculative project." --Swift.
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            What are these
            So withered and so wild in their attire ? --Shak.
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            With mountains, as with weapons, armed; which makes
            Wild work in heaven.                  --Milton.
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            The wild winds howl.                  --Addison.
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            Search then the ruling passion, there, alone
            The wild are constant, and the cunning known.
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   6. Exposed to the wind and sea; unsheltered; as, a wild
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   7. Indicating strong emotion, intense excitement, or
      ?ewilderment; as, a wild look.
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   8. (Naut.) Hard to steer; -- said of a vessel.
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   Note: Many plants are named by prefixing wild to the names of
         other better known or cultivated plants to which they a
         bear a real or fancied resemblance; as, wild allspice,
         wild pink, etc. See the Phrases below.
         [1913 Webster]
         [1913 Webster]

   To run wild, to go unrestrained or untamed; to live or
      untamed; to live or grow without culture or training.

   To sow one's wild oats. See under Oat.
      [1913 Webster]

   Wild allspice. (Bot.), spicewood.

   Wild balsam apple (Bot.), an American climbing
      cucurbitaceous plant (Echinocystis lobata).

   Wild basil (Bot.), a fragrant labiate herb ({Calamintha
      Clinopodium}) common in Europe and America.

   Wild bean (Bot.), a name of several leguminous plants,
      mostly species of Phaseolus and Apios.

   Wild bee (Zool.), any one of numerous species of
      undomesticated social bees, especially the domestic bee
      when it has escaped from domestication and built its nest
      in a hollow tree or among rocks.

   Wild bergamot. (Bot.) See under Bergamot.

   Wild boar (Zool.), the European wild hog (Sus scrofa),
      from which the common domesticated swine is descended.

   Wild brier (Bot.), any uncultivated species of brier. See

   Wild bugloss (Bot.), an annual rough-leaved plant
      (Lycopsis arvensis) with small blue flowers.

   Wild camomile (Bot.), one or more plants of the composite
      genus Matricaria, much resembling camomile.

   Wild cat. (Zool.)
      (a) A European carnivore (Felis catus) somewhat
          resembling the domestic cat, but larger stronger, and
          having a short tail. It is destructive to the smaller
          domestic animals, such as lambs, kids, poultry, and
          the like.
      (b) The common American lynx, or bay lynx.
      (c) (Naut.) A wheel which can be adjusted so as to revolve
          either with, or on, the shaft of a capstan. --Luce.

   Wild celery. (Bot.) See Tape grass, under Tape.

   Wild cherry. (Bot.)
      (a) Any uncultivated tree which bears cherries. The wild
          red cherry is Prunus Pennsylvanica. The wild black
          cherry is Prunus serotina, the wood of which is much
          used for cabinetwork, being of a light red color and a
          compact texture.
      (b) The fruit of various species of Prunus.

   Wild cinnamon. See the Note under Canella.

   Wild comfrey (Bot.), an American plant ({Cynoglossum
      Virginicum}) of the Borage family. It has large bristly
      leaves and small blue flowers.

   Wild cumin (Bot.), an annual umbelliferous plant
      (Lag[oe]cia cuminoides) native in the countries about
      the Mediterranean.

   Wild drake (Zool.) the mallard.

   Wild elder (Bot.), an American plant (Aralia hispida) of
      the Ginseng family.

   Wild fowl (Zool.) any wild bird, especially any of those
      considered as game birds.

   Wild goose (Zool.), any one of several species of
      undomesticated geese, especially the Canada goose ({Branta
      Canadensis}), the European bean goose, and the graylag.
      See Graylag, and Bean goose, under Bean.

   Wild goose chase, the pursuit of something unattainable, or
      of something as unlikely to be caught as the wild goose.

   Wild honey, honey made by wild bees, and deposited in
      trees, rocks, the like.

   Wild hyacinth. (Bot.) See Hyacinth, 1
      (b) .

   Wild Irishman (Bot.), a thorny bush (Discaria Toumatou)
      of the Buckthorn family, found in New Zealand, where the
      natives use the spines in tattooing.

   Wild land.
      (a) Land not cultivated, or in a state that renders it
          unfit for cultivation.
      (b) Land which is not settled and cultivated.

   Wild licorice. (Bot.) See under Licorice.

   Wild mammee (Bot.), the oblong, yellowish, acid fruit of a
      tropical American tree (Rheedia lateriflora); -- so
      called in the West Indies.

   Wild marjoram (Bot.), a labiate plant (Origanum vulgare)
      much like the sweet marjoram, but less aromatic.

   Wild oat. (Bot.)
      (a) A tall, oatlike kind of soft grass ({Arrhenatherum
      (b) See Wild oats, under Oat.

   Wild pieplant (Bot.), a species of dock ({Rumex
      hymenosepalus}) found from Texas to California. Its acid,
      juicy stems are used as a substitute for the garden

   Wild pigeon. (Zool.)
      (a) The rock dove.
      (b) The passenger pigeon.

   Wild pink (Bot.), an American plant ({Silene
      Pennsylvanica}) with pale, pinkish flowers; a kind of

   Wild plantain (Bot.), an arborescent endogenous herb
      (Heliconia Bihai), much resembling the banana. Its
      leaves and leaf sheaths are much used in the West Indies
      as coverings for packages of merchandise.

   Wild plum. (Bot.)
      (a) Any kind of plum growing without cultivation.
      (b) The South African prune. See under Prune.

   Wild rice. (Bot.) See Indian rice, under Rice.

   Wild rosemary (Bot.), the evergreen shrub {Andromeda
      polifolia}. See Marsh rosemary, under Rosemary.

   Wild sage. (Bot.) See Sagebrush.

   Wild sarsaparilla (Bot.), a species of ginseng ({Aralia
      nudicaulis}) bearing a single long-stalked leaf.

   Wild sensitive plant (Bot.), either one of two annual
      leguminous herbs (Cassia Chamaecrista, and {Cassia
      nictitans}), in both of which the leaflets close quickly
      when the plant is disturbed.

   Wild service.(Bot.) See Sorb.

   Wild Spaniard (Bot.), any one of several umbelliferous
      plants of the genus Aciphylla, natives of New Zealand.
      The leaves bear numerous bayonetlike spines, and the
      plants form an impenetrable thicket.

   Wild turkey. (Zool.) See 2d Turkey.
      [1913 Webster]

From The Collaborative International Dictionary of English v.0.48:

cat \cat\ (k[a^]t), n. [AS. cat; akin to D. & Dan. kat, Sw.
   katt, Icel. k["o]ttr, G. katze, kater, Ir. cat, W. cath,
   Armor. kaz, LL. catus, Bisc. catua, NGr. ga`ta, ga`tos, Russ.
   & Pol. kot, Turk. kedi, Ar. qitt; of unknown origin. Cf.
   1. (Zool.) Any animal belonging to the natural family
      Felidae, and in particular to the various species of the
      genera Felis, Panthera, and Lynx. The domestic cat
      is Felis domestica. The European wild cat ({Felis
      catus}) is much larger than the domestic cat. In the
      United States the name wild cat is commonly applied to
      the bay lynx (Lynx rufus). The larger felines, such as
      the lion, tiger, leopard, and cougar, are often referred
      to as cats, and sometimes as big cats. See Wild cat, and
      Tiger cat.
      [1913 Webster +PJC]

   Note: The domestic cat includes many varieties named from
         their place of origin or from some peculiarity; as, the
         Angora cat; the Maltese cat; the Manx cat; the
         Siamese cat.
         [1913 Webster]

               Laying aside their often rancorous debate over
               how best to preserve the Florida panther, state
               and federal wildlife officials,
               environmentalists, and independent scientists
               endorsed the proposal, and in 1995 the eight cats
               [female Texas cougars] were brought from Texas
               and released. . . .
               Uprooted from the arid hills of West Texas, three
               of the imports have died, but the remaining five
               adapted to swamp life and have each given birth
               to at least one litter of kittens. --Mark Derr
                                                  (N. Y. Times,
                                                  Nov. 2, 1999,
                                                  Science Times
                                                  p. F2).

   Note: The word cat is also used to designate other animals,
         from some fancied resemblance; as, civet cat, fisher
         cat, catbird, catfish shark, sea cat.
         [1913 Webster]

   2. (Naut.)
      (a) A strong vessel with a narrow stern, projecting
          quarters, and deep waist. It is employed in the coal
          and timber trade.
      (b) A strong tackle used to draw an anchor up to the
          cathead of a ship. --Totten.
          [1913 Webster]

   3. A double tripod (for holding a plate, etc.), having six
      feet, of which three rest on the ground, in whatever
      position it is placed.
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   4. An old game; specifically:
      (a) The game of tipcat and the implement with which it is
          played. See Tipcat.
      (b) A game of ball, called, according to the number of
          batters, one old cat, two old cat, etc.
          [1913 Webster]

   5. same as cat o' nine tails; as, British sailors feared
      the cat.
      [1913 Webster + WordNet 1.5]

   6. A catamaran.

   Angora cat, blind cat, See under Angora, Blind.

   Black cat the fisher. See under Black.

   Cat and dog, like a cat and dog; quarrelsome; inharmonious.
      "I am sure we have lived a cat and dog life of it."

   Cat block (Naut.), a heavy iron-strapped block with a large
      hook, part of the tackle used in drawing an anchor up to
      the cathead.

   Cat hook (Naut.), a strong hook attached to a cat block.

   Cat nap, a very short sleep. [Colloq.]

   Cat o' nine tails, an instrument of punishment consisting
      of nine pieces of knotted line or cord fastened to a
      handle; -- formerly used to flog offenders on the bare

   Cat's cradle, game played, esp. by children, with a string
      looped on the fingers so, as to resemble small cradle. The
      string is transferred from the fingers of one to those of
      another, at each transfer with a change of form. See
      Cratch, Cratch cradle.

   To bell the cat, to perform a very dangerous or very
      difficult task; -- taken metaphorically from a fable about
      a mouse who proposes to put a bell on a cat, so as to be
      able to hear the cat coming.

   To let the cat out of the bag, to tell a secret, carelessly
      or willfully. [Colloq.]

   Bush cat, the serval. See Serval.
      [1913 Webster]
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