wind gauge


From The Collaborative International Dictionary of English v.0.48:

Gauge \Gauge\, n. [Written also gage.]
   1. A measure; a standard of measure; an instrument to
      determine dimensions, distance, or capacity; a standard.
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            This plate must be a gauge to file your worm and
            groove to equal breadth by.           --Moxon.
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            There is not in our hands any fixed gauge of minds.
                                                  --I. Taylor.
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   2. Measure; dimensions; estimate.
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            The gauge and dimensions of misery, depression, and
            contempt.                             --Burke.
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   3. (Mach. & Manuf.) Any instrument for ascertaining or
      regulating the dimensions or forms of things; a templet or
      template; as, a button maker's gauge.
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   4. (Physics) Any instrument or apparatus for measuring the
      state of a phenomenon, or for ascertaining its numerical
      elements at any moment; -- usually applied to some
      particular instrument; as, a rain gauge; a steam gauge.
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   5. (Naut.)
      (a) Relative positions of two or more vessels with
          reference to the wind; as, a vessel has the weather
          gauge of another when on the windward side of it, and
          the lee gauge when on the lee side of it.
      (b) The depth to which a vessel sinks in the water.
          --Totten.
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   6. The distance between the rails of a railway.
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   Note: The standard gauge of railroads in most countries is
         four feet, eight and one half inches. Wide, or broad,
         gauge, in the United States, is six feet; in England,
         seven feet, and generally any gauge exceeding standard
         gauge. Any gauge less than standard gauge is now called
         narrow gauge. It varies from two feet to three feet six
         inches.
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   7. (Plastering) The quantity of plaster of Paris used with
      common plaster to accelerate its setting.
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   8. (Building) That part of a shingle, slate, or tile, which
      is exposed to the weather, when laid; also, one course of
      such shingles, slates, or tiles.
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   Gauge of a carriage, car, etc., the distance between the
      wheels; -- ordinarily called the track.

   Gauge cock, a stop cock used as a try cock for ascertaining
      the height of the water level in a steam boiler.

   Gauge concussion (Railroads), the jar caused by a car-wheel
      flange striking the edge of the rail.

   Gauge glass, a glass tube for a water gauge.

   Gauge lathe, an automatic lathe for turning a round object
      having an irregular profile, as a baluster or chair round,
      to a templet or gauge.

   Gauge point, the diameter of a cylinder whose altitude is
      one inch, and contents equal to that of a unit of a given
      measure; -- a term used in gauging casks, etc.

   Gauge rod, a graduated rod, for measuring the capacity of
      barrels, casks, etc.

   Gauge saw, a handsaw, with a gauge to regulate the depth of
      cut. --Knight.

   Gauge stuff, a stiff and compact plaster, used in making
      cornices, moldings, etc., by means of a templet.

   Gauge wheel, a wheel at the forward end of a plow beam, to
      determine the depth of the furrow.

   Joiner's gauge, an instrument used to strike a line
      parallel to the straight side of a board, etc.

   Printer's gauge, an instrument to regulate the length of
      the page.

   Rain gauge, an instrument for measuring the quantity of
      rain at any given place.

   Salt gauge, or Brine gauge, an instrument or contrivance
      for indicating the degree of saltness of water from its
      specific gravity, as in the boilers of ocean steamers.

   Sea gauge, an instrument for finding the depth of the sea.
      

   Siphon gauge, a glass siphon tube, partly filled with
      mercury, -- used to indicate pressure, as of steam, or the
      degree of rarefaction produced in the receiver of an air
      pump or other vacuum; a manometer.

   Sliding gauge. (Mach.)
      (a) A templet or pattern for gauging the commonly accepted
          dimensions or shape of certain parts in general use,
          as screws, railway-car axles, etc.
      (b) A gauge used only for testing other similar gauges,
          and preserved as a reference, to detect wear of the
          working gauges.
      (c) (Railroads) See Note under Gauge, n., 5.

   Star gauge (Ordnance), an instrument for measuring the
      diameter of the bore of a cannon at any point of its
      length.

   Steam gauge, an instrument for measuring the pressure of
      steam, as in a boiler.

   Tide gauge, an instrument for determining the height of the
      tides.

   Vacuum gauge, a species of barometer for determining the
      relative elasticities of the vapor in the condenser of a
      steam engine and the air.

   Water gauge.
      (a) A contrivance for indicating the height of a water
          surface, as in a steam boiler; as by a gauge cock or
          glass.
      (b) The height of the water in the boiler.

   Wind gauge, an instrument for measuring the force of the
      wind on any given surface; an anemometer.

   Wire gauge, a gauge for determining the diameter of wire or
      the thickness of sheet metal; also, a standard of size.
      See under Wire.
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.

From The Collaborative International Dictionary of English v.0.48:

Wind \Wind\ (w[i^]nd, in poetry and singing often w[imac]nd;
   277), n. [AS. wind; akin to OS., OFries., D., & G. wind, OHG.
   wint, Dan. & Sw. vind, Icel. vindr, Goth winds, W. gwynt, L.
   ventus, Skr. v[=a]ta (cf. Gr. 'ah`ths a blast, gale, 'ah^nai
   to breathe hard, to blow, as the wind); originally a p. pr.
   from the verb seen in Skr. v[=a] to blow, akin to AS.
   w[=a]wan, D. waaijen, G. wehen, OHG. w[=a]en, w[=a]jen, Goth.
   waian. [root]131. Cf. Air, Ventail, Ventilate,
   Window, Winnow.]
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   1. Air naturally in motion with any degree of velocity; a
      current of air.
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            Except wind stands as never it stood,
            It is an ill wind that turns none to good. --Tusser.
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            Winds were soft, and woods were green. --Longfellow.
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   2. Air artificially put in motion by any force or action; as,
      the wind of a cannon ball; the wind of a bellows.
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   3. Breath modulated by the respiratory and vocal organs, or
      by an instrument.
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            Their instruments were various in their kind,
            Some for the bow, and some for breathing wind.
                                                  --Dryden.
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   4. Power of respiration; breath.
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            If my wind were but long enough to say my prayers, I
            would repent.                         --Shak.
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   5. Air or gas generated in the stomach or bowels; flatulence;
      as, to be troubled with wind.
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   6. Air impregnated with an odor or scent.
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            A pack of dogfish had him in the wind. --Swift.
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   7. A direction from which the wind may blow; a point of the
      compass; especially, one of the cardinal points, which are
      often called the four winds.
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            Come from the four winds, O breath, and breathe upon
            these slain.                          --Ezek.
                                                  xxxvii. 9.
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   Note: This sense seems to have had its origin in the East.
         The Hebrews gave to each of the four cardinal points
         the name of wind.
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   8. (Far.) A disease of sheep, in which the intestines are
      distended with air, or rather affected with a violent
      inflammation. It occurs immediately after shearing.
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   9. Mere breath or talk; empty effort; idle words.
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            Nor think thou with wind
            Of airy threats to awe.               --Milton.
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   10. (Zool.) The dotterel. [Prov. Eng.]
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   11. (Boxing) The region of the pit of the stomach, where a
       blow may paralyze the diaphragm and cause temporary loss
       of breath or other injury; the mark. [Slang or Cant]
       [Webster 1913 Suppl.]

   Note: Wind is often used adjectively, or as the first part of
         compound words.
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   All in the wind. (Naut.) See under All, n.

   Before the wind. (Naut.) See under Before.

   Between wind and water (Naut.), in that part of a ship's
      side or bottom which is frequently brought above water by
      the rolling of the ship, or fluctuation of the water's
      surface. Hence, colloquially, (as an injury to that part
      of a vessel, in an engagement, is particularly dangerous)
      the vulnerable part or point of anything.

   Cardinal winds. See under Cardinal, a.

   Down the wind.
       (a) In the direction of, and moving with, the wind; as,
           birds fly swiftly down the wind.
       (b) Decaying; declining; in a state of decay. [Obs.] "He
           went down the wind still." --L'Estrange.

   In the wind's eye (Naut.), directly toward the point from
      which the wind blows.

   Three sheets in the wind, unsteady from drink. [Sailors'
      Slang]

   To be in the wind, to be suggested or expected; to be a
      matter of suspicion or surmise. [Colloq.]

   To carry the wind (Man.), to toss the nose as high as the
      ears, as a horse.

   To raise the wind, to procure money. [Colloq.]

   To take the wind or To have the wind, to gain or have the
      advantage. --Bacon.

   To take the wind out of one's sails, to cause one to stop,
      or lose way, as when a vessel intercepts the wind of
      another; to cause one to lose enthusiasm, or momentum in
      an activity. [Colloq.]

   To take wind, or To get wind, to be divulged; to become
      public; as, the story got wind, or took wind.

   Wind band (Mus.), a band of wind instruments; a military
      band; the wind instruments of an orchestra.

   Wind chest (Mus.), a chest or reservoir of wind in an
      organ.

   Wind dropsy. (Med.)
       (a) Tympanites.
       (b) Emphysema of the subcutaneous areolar tissue.

   Wind egg, an imperfect, unimpregnated, or addled egg.

   Wind furnace. See the Note under Furnace.

   Wind gauge. See under Gauge.

   Wind gun. Same as Air gun.

   Wind hatch (Mining), the opening or place where the ore is
      taken out of the earth.

   Wind instrument (Mus.), an instrument of music sounded by
      means of wind, especially by means of the breath, as a
      flute, a clarinet, etc.

   Wind pump, a pump moved by a windmill.

   Wind rose, a table of the points of the compass, giving the
      states of the barometer, etc., connected with winds from
      the different directions.

   Wind sail.
       (a) (Naut.) A wide tube or funnel of canvas, used to
           convey a stream of air for ventilation into the lower
           compartments of a vessel.
       (b) The sail or vane of a windmill.

   Wind shake, a crack or incoherence in timber produced by
      violent winds while the timber was growing.

   Wind shock, a wind shake.

   Wind side, the side next the wind; the windward side. [R.]
      --Mrs. Browning.

   Wind rush (Zool.), the redwing. [Prov. Eng.]

   Wind wheel, a motor consisting of a wheel moved by wind.

   Wood wind (Mus.), the flutes and reed instruments of an
      orchestra, collectively.
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