winter shad

From The Collaborative International Dictionary of English v.0.48:

Shad \Shad\ (sh[a^]d), n. sing. & pl. [AS. sceadda a kind of
   fish, akin to Prov. G. schade; cf. Ir. & Gael. sgadan a
   herring, W. ysgadan herrings; all perhaps akin to E. skate a
   fish.] (Zool.)
   Any one of several species of food fishes of the Herring
   family. The American species (Alosa sapidissima formerly
   Clupea sapidissima), which is abundant on the Atlantic
   coast and ascends the larger rivers in spring to spawn, is an
   important market fish. The European allice shad, or alose
   (Alosa alosa formerly Clupea alosa), and the twaite shad
   (Alosa finta formerly Clupea finta), are less important
   species. [Written also chad.]
   [1913 Webster]

   Note: The name is loosely applied, also, to several other
         fishes, as the gizzard shad (see under Gizzard),
         called also mud shad, white-eyed shad, and {winter
         [1913 Webster]

   Hardboaded shad, or Yellow-tailed shad, the menhaden.

   Hickory shad, or Tailor shad, the mattowacca.

   Long-boned shad, one of several species of important food
      fishes of the Bermudas and the West Indies, of the genus

   Shad bush (Bot.), a name given to the North American shrubs
      or small trees of the rosaceous genus Amelanchier
      (Amelanchier Canadensis, and Amelanchier alnifolia).
      Their white racemose blossoms open in April or May, when
      the shad appear, and the edible berries (pomes) ripen in
      June or July, whence they are called Juneberries. The
      plant is also called service tree, and Juneberry.

   Shad frog, an American spotted frog (Rana halecina); --
      so called because it usually appears at the time when the
      shad begin to run in the rivers.

   Trout shad, the squeteague.

   White shad, the common shad.
      [1913 Webster]

From The Collaborative International Dictionary of English v.0.48:

Winter \Win"ter\, n. [AS. winter; akin to OFries. & D. winter,
   OS. & OHG. wintar, G. winter, D. & Sw. vinter, Icel. vetr,
   Goth. wintrus; of uncertain origin; cf. Old Gallic vindo-
   white (in comp.), OIr. find white. ????.]
   [1913 Webster]
   1. The season of the year in which the sun shines most
      obliquely upon any region; the coldest season of the year.
      "Of thirty winter he was old." --Chaucer.
      [1913 Webster]

            And after summer evermore succeeds
            Barren winter, with his wrathful nipping cold.
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            Winter lingering chills the lap of May. --Goldsmith.
      [1913 Webster]

   Note: North of the equator, winter is popularly taken to
         include the months of December, January, and February
         (see Season). Astronomically, it may be considered to
         begin with the winter solstice, about December 21st,
         and to end with the vernal equinox, about March 21st.
         [1913 Webster]

   2. The period of decay, old age, death, or the like.
      [1913 Webster]

            Life's autumn past, I stand on winter's verge.
      [1913 Webster]

   Winter apple, an apple that keeps well in winter, or that
      does not ripen until winter.

   Winter barley, a kind of barley that is sown in autumn.

   Winter berry (Bot.), the name of several American shrubs
      (Ilex verticillata, Ilex laevigata, etc.) of the Holly
      family, having bright red berries conspicuous in winter.

   Winter bloom. (Bot.)
      (a) A plant of the genus Azalea.
      (b) A plant of the genus Hamamelis ({Hamamelis
          Viginica}); witch-hazel; -- so called from its flowers
          appearing late in autumn, while the leaves are

   Winter bud (Zool.), a statoblast.

   Winter cherry (Bot.), a plant (Physalis Alkekengi) of the
      Nightshade family, which has, a red berry inclosed in the
      inflated and persistent calyx. See Alkekengi.

   Winter cough (Med.), a form of chronic bronchitis marked by
      a cough recurring each winter.

   Winter cress (Bot.), a yellow-flowered cruciferous plant
      (Barbarea vulgaris).

   Winter crop, a crop which will bear the winter, or which
      may be converted into fodder during the winter.

   Winter duck. (Zool.)
      (a) The pintail.
      (b) The old squaw.

   Winter egg (Zool.), an egg produced in the autumn by many
      invertebrates, and destined to survive the winter. Such
      eggs usually differ from the summer eggs in having a
      thicker shell, and often in being enveloped in a
      protective case. They sometimes develop in a manner
      different from that of the summer eggs.

   Winter fallow, ground that is fallowed in winter.

   Winter fat. (Bot.) Same as White sage, under White.

   Winter fever (Med.), pneumonia. [Colloq.]

   Winter flounder. (Zool.) See the Note under Flounder.

   Winter gull (Zool.), the common European gull; -- called
      also winter mew. [Prov. Eng.]

   Winter itch. (Med.) See Prarie itch, under Prairie.

   Winter lodge, or Winter lodgment. (Bot.) Same as

   Winter mew. (Zool.) Same as Winter gull, above. [Prov.

   Winter moth (Zool.), any one of several species of
      geometrid moths which come forth in winter, as the
      European species (Cheimatobia brumata). These moths have
      rudimentary mouth organs, and eat no food in the imago
      state. The female of some of the species is wingless.

   Winter oil, oil prepared so as not to solidify in
      moderately cold weather.

   Winter pear, a kind of pear that keeps well in winter, or
      that does not ripen until winter.

   Winter quarters, the quarters of troops during the winter;
      a winter residence or station.

   Winter rye, a kind of rye that is sown in autumn.

   Winter shad (Zool.), the gizzard shad.

   Winter sheldrake (Zool.), the goosander. [Local, U. S.]

   Winter sleep (Zool.), hibernation.

   Winter snipe (Zool.), the dunlin.

   Winter solstice. (Astron.) See Solstice, 2.

   Winter teal (Zool.), the green-winged teal.

   Winter wagtail (Zool.), the gray wagtail ({Motacilla
      melanope}). [Prov. Eng.]

   Winter wheat, wheat sown in autumn, which lives during the
      winter, and ripens in the following summer.

   Winter wren (Zool.), a small American wren ({Troglodytes
      hiemalis}) closely resembling the common wren.
      [1913 Webster]
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