winter snipe


From The Collaborative International Dictionary of English v.0.48:

Snipe \Snipe\, n. [OE. snipe; akin to D. snep, snip, LG. sneppe,
   snippe, G. schnepfe, Icel. sn[imac]pa (in comp.), Dan.
   sneppe, Sw. sn[aum]ppa a sanpiper, and possibly to E. snap.
   See Snap, Snaffle.]
   1. (Zool.) Any one of numerous species of limicoline game
      birds of the family Scolopacidae, having a long,
      slender, nearly straight beak.
      [1913 Webster]

   Note: The common, or whole, snipe (Gallinago c[oe]lestis)
         and the great, or double, snipe (Gallinago major),
         are the most important European species. The Wilson's
         snipe (Gallinago delicata) (sometimes erroneously
         called English snipe) and the gray snipe, or
         dowitcher (Macrohamphus griseus), are well-known
         American species.
         [1913 Webster]

   2. A fool; a blockhead. [R.] --Shak.
      [1913 Webster]

   Half snipe, the dunlin; the jacksnipe.

   Jack snipe. See Jacksnipe.

   Quail snipe. See under Quail.

   Robin snipe, the knot.

   Sea snipe. See in the Vocabulary.

   Shore snipe, any sandpiper.

   Snipe hawk, the marsh harrier. [Prov. Eng.]

   Stone snipe, the tattler.

   Summer snipe, the dunlin; the green and the common European
      sandpipers.

   Winter snipe. See Rock snipe, under Rock.

   Woodcock snipe, the great snipe.
      [1913 Webster]
.

From The Collaborative International Dictionary of English v.0.48:

Rock \Rock\, n. [OF. roke, F. roche; cf. Armor. roc'h, and AS.
   rocc.]
   1. A large concreted mass of stony material; a large fixed
      stone or crag. See Stone.
      [1913 Webster]

            Come one, come all! this rock shall fly
            From its firm base as soon as I.      --Sir W.
                                                  Scott.
      [1913 Webster]

   2. (Geol.) Any natural deposit forming a part of the earth's
      crust, whether consolidated or not, including sand, earth,
      clay, etc., when in natural beds.
      [1913 Webster]

   3. That which resembles a rock in firmness; a defense; a
      support; a refuge.
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            The Lord is my rock, and my fortress. --2 Sam. xxii.
                                                  2.
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   4. Fig.: Anything which causes a disaster or wreck resembling
      the wreck of a vessel upon a rock.
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   5. (Zool.) The striped bass. See under Bass.
      [1913 Webster]

   Note: This word is frequently used in the formation of
         self-explaining compounds; as, rock-bound, rock-built,
         rock-ribbed, rock-roofed, and the like.
         [1913 Webster]

   Rock alum. [Probably so called by confusion with F. roche a
      rock.] Same as Roche alum.

   Rock barnacle (Zool.), a barnacle (Balanus balanoides)
      very abundant on rocks washed by tides.

   Rock bass. (Zool.)
      (a) The stripped bass. See under Bass.
      (b) The goggle-eye.
      (c) The cabrilla. Other species are also locally called
          rock bass.

   Rock builder (Zool.), any species of animal whose remains
      contribute to the formation of rocks, especially the
      corals and Foraminifera.

   Rock butter (Min.), native alum mixed with clay and oxide
      of iron, usually in soft masses of a yellowish white
      color, occuring in cavities and fissures in argillaceous
      slate.

   Rock candy, a form of candy consisting of crystals of pure
      sugar which are very hard, whence the name.

   Rock cavy. (Zool.) See Moco.

   Rock cod (Zool.)
      (a) A small, often reddish or brown, variety of the cod
          found about rocks andledges.
      (b) A California rockfish.

   Rock cook. (Zool.)
      (a) A European wrasse (Centrolabrus exoletus).
      (b) A rockling.

   Rock cork (Min.), a variety of asbestus the fibers of which
      are loosely interlaced. It resembles cork in its texture.
      

   Rock crab (Zool.), any one of several species of large
      crabs of the genus C, as the two species of the New
      England coast (Cancer irroratus and Cancer borealis).
      See Illust. under Cancer.

   Rock cress (Bot.), a name of several plants of the cress
      kind found on rocks, as Arabis petraea, Arabis lyrata,
      etc.

   Rock crystal (Min.), limpid quartz. See Quartz, and under
      Crystal.

   Rock dove (Zool.), the rock pigeon; -- called also {rock
      doo}.

   Rock drill, an implement for drilling holes in rock; esp.,
      a machine impelled by steam or compressed air, for
      drilling holes for blasting, etc.

   Rock duck (Zool.), the harlequin duck.

   Rock eel. (Zool.) See Gunnel.

   Rock goat (Zool.), a wild goat, or ibex.

   Rock hopper (Zool.), a penguin of the genus Catarractes.
      See under Penguin.

   Rock kangaroo. (Zool.) See Kangaroo, and Petrogale.

   Rock lobster (Zool.), any one of several species of large
      spinose lobsters of the genera Panulirus and
      Palinurus. They have no large claws. Called also {spiny
      lobster}, and sea crayfish.

   Rock meal (Min.), a light powdery variety of calcite
      occuring as an efflorescence.

   Rock milk. (Min.) See Agaric mineral, under Agaric.

   Rock moss, a kind of lichen; the cudbear. See Cudbear.

   Rock oil. See Petroleum.

   Rock parrakeet (Zool.), a small Australian parrakeet
      (Euphema petrophila), which nests in holes among the
      rocks of high cliffs. Its general color is yellowish olive
      green; a frontal band and the outer edge of the wing
      quills are deep blue, and the central tail feathers bluish
      green.

   Rock pigeon (Zool.), the wild pigeon (Columba livia) Of
      Europe and Asia, from which the domestic pigeon was
      derived. See Illust. under Pigeon.

   Rock pipit. (Zool.) See the Note under Pipit.

   Rock plover. (Zool.)
      (a) The black-bellied, or whistling, plover.
      (b) The rock snipe.

   Rock ptarmigan (Zool.), an arctic American ptarmigan
      (Lagopus rupestris), which in winter is white, with the
      tail and lores black. In summer the males are grayish
      brown, coarsely vermiculated with black, and have black
      patches on the back.

   Rock rabbit (Zool.), the hyrax. See Cony, and Daman.

   Rock ruby (Min.), a fine reddish variety of garnet.

   Rock salt (Min.), cloride of sodium (common salt) occuring
      in rocklike masses in mines; mineral salt; salt dug from
      the earth. In the United States this name is sometimes
      given to salt in large crystals, formed by evaporation
      from sea water in large basins or cavities.

   Rock seal (Zool.), the harbor seal. See Seal.

   Rock shell (Zool.), any species of Murex, Purpura, and
      allied genera.

   Rock snake (Zool.), any one of several large pythons; as,
      the royal rock snake (Python regia) of Africa, and the
      rock snake of India (Python molurus). The Australian
      rock snakes mostly belong to the allied genus Morelia.
      

   Rock snipe (Zool.), the purple sandpiper ({Tringa
      maritima}); -- called also rock bird, rock plover,
      winter snipe.

   Rock soap (Min.), a kind of clay having a smooth, greasy
      feel, and adhering to the tongue.

   Rock sparrow. (Zool.)
      (a) Any one of several species of Old World sparrows of
          the genus Petronia, as Petronia stulla, of Europe.
      (b) A North American sparrow (Pucaea ruficeps).

   Rock tar, petroleum.

   Rock thrush (Zool.), any Old World thrush of the genus
      Monticola, or Petrocossyphus; as, the European rock
      thrush (Monticola saxatilis), and the blue rock thrush
      of India (Monticola cyaneus), in which the male is blue
      throughout.

   Rock tripe (Bot.), a kind of lichen ({Umbilicaria
      Dillenii}) growing on rocks in the northen parts of
      America, and forming broad, flat, coriaceous, dark fuscous
      or blackish expansions. It has been used as food in cases
      of extremity.

   Rock trout (Zool.), any one of several species of marine
      food fishes of the genus Hexagrammus, family Chiradae,
      native of the North Pacific coasts; -- called also {sea
      trout}, boregat, bodieron, and starling.

   Rock warbler (Zool.), a small Australian singing bird
      (Origma rubricata) which frequents rocky ravines and
      water courses; -- called also cataract bird.

   Rock wren (Zool.), any one of several species of wrens of
      the genus Salpinctes, native of the arid plains of Lower
      California and Mexico.
      [1913 Webster]
.

From The Collaborative International Dictionary of English v.0.48:

Winter \Win"ter\, n. [AS. winter; akin to OFries. & D. winter,
   OS. & OHG. wintar, G. winter, D. & Sw. vinter, Icel. vetr,
   Goth. wintrus; of uncertain origin; cf. Old Gallic vindo-
   white (in comp.), OIr. find white. ????.]
   [1913 Webster]
   1. The season of the year in which the sun shines most
      obliquely upon any region; the coldest season of the year.
      "Of thirty winter he was old." --Chaucer.
      [1913 Webster]

            And after summer evermore succeeds
            Barren winter, with his wrathful nipping cold.
                                                  --Shak.
      [1913 Webster]

            Winter lingering chills the lap of May. --Goldsmith.
      [1913 Webster]

   Note: North of the equator, winter is popularly taken to
         include the months of December, January, and February
         (see Season). Astronomically, it may be considered to
         begin with the winter solstice, about December 21st,
         and to end with the vernal equinox, about March 21st.
         [1913 Webster]

   2. The period of decay, old age, death, or the like.
      [1913 Webster]

            Life's autumn past, I stand on winter's verge.
                                                  --Wordsworth.
      [1913 Webster]

   Winter apple, an apple that keeps well in winter, or that
      does not ripen until winter.

   Winter barley, a kind of barley that is sown in autumn.

   Winter berry (Bot.), the name of several American shrubs
      (Ilex verticillata, Ilex laevigata, etc.) of the Holly
      family, having bright red berries conspicuous in winter.
      

   Winter bloom. (Bot.)
      (a) A plant of the genus Azalea.
      (b) A plant of the genus Hamamelis ({Hamamelis
          Viginica}); witch-hazel; -- so called from its flowers
          appearing late in autumn, while the leaves are
          falling.

   Winter bud (Zool.), a statoblast.

   Winter cherry (Bot.), a plant (Physalis Alkekengi) of the
      Nightshade family, which has, a red berry inclosed in the
      inflated and persistent calyx. See Alkekengi.

   Winter cough (Med.), a form of chronic bronchitis marked by
      a cough recurring each winter.

   Winter cress (Bot.), a yellow-flowered cruciferous plant
      (Barbarea vulgaris).

   Winter crop, a crop which will bear the winter, or which
      may be converted into fodder during the winter.

   Winter duck. (Zool.)
      (a) The pintail.
      (b) The old squaw.

   Winter egg (Zool.), an egg produced in the autumn by many
      invertebrates, and destined to survive the winter. Such
      eggs usually differ from the summer eggs in having a
      thicker shell, and often in being enveloped in a
      protective case. They sometimes develop in a manner
      different from that of the summer eggs.

   Winter fallow, ground that is fallowed in winter.

   Winter fat. (Bot.) Same as White sage, under White.

   Winter fever (Med.), pneumonia. [Colloq.]

   Winter flounder. (Zool.) See the Note under Flounder.

   Winter gull (Zool.), the common European gull; -- called
      also winter mew. [Prov. Eng.]

   Winter itch. (Med.) See Prarie itch, under Prairie.

   Winter lodge, or Winter lodgment. (Bot.) Same as
      Hibernaculum.

   Winter mew. (Zool.) Same as Winter gull, above. [Prov.
      Eng.]

   Winter moth (Zool.), any one of several species of
      geometrid moths which come forth in winter, as the
      European species (Cheimatobia brumata). These moths have
      rudimentary mouth organs, and eat no food in the imago
      state. The female of some of the species is wingless.

   Winter oil, oil prepared so as not to solidify in
      moderately cold weather.

   Winter pear, a kind of pear that keeps well in winter, or
      that does not ripen until winter.

   Winter quarters, the quarters of troops during the winter;
      a winter residence or station.

   Winter rye, a kind of rye that is sown in autumn.

   Winter shad (Zool.), the gizzard shad.

   Winter sheldrake (Zool.), the goosander. [Local, U. S.]

   Winter sleep (Zool.), hibernation.

   Winter snipe (Zool.), the dunlin.

   Winter solstice. (Astron.) See Solstice, 2.

   Winter teal (Zool.), the green-winged teal.

   Winter wagtail (Zool.), the gray wagtail ({Motacilla
      melanope}). [Prov. Eng.]

   Winter wheat, wheat sown in autumn, which lives during the
      winter, and ripens in the following summer.

   Winter wren (Zool.), a small American wren ({Troglodytes
      hiemalis}) closely resembling the common wren.
      [1913 Webster]
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