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From The Collaborative International Dictionary of English v.0.48:
Abstemious \Ab*ste"mi*ous\, a. [L. abstemius; ab, abs + root of temetum intoxicating drink.] 1. Abstaining from wine. [Orig. Latin sense.] [1913 Webster] Under his special eye Abstemious I grew up and thrived amain. --Milton. [1913 Webster] 2. Sparing in diet; refraining from a free use of food and strong drinks; temperate; abstinent; sparing in the indulgence of the appetite or passions. [1913 Webster] Instances of longevity are chiefly among the abstemious. --Arbuthnot. [1913 Webster] 3. Sparingly used; used with temperance or moderation; as, an abstemious diet. --Gibbon. [1913 Webster] 4. Marked by, or spent in, abstinence; as, an abstemious life. "One abstemious day." --Pope. [1913 Webster] 5. Promotive of abstemiousness. [R.] [1913 Webster] Such is the virtue of the abstemious well. --Dryden. [1913 Webster]