anchor shot


From The Collaborative International Dictionary of English v.0.48:

Grapple \Grap"ple\, n. [See Grapple, v. t., and cf. Crapple.]
   1. A seizing or seizure; close hug in contest; the wrestler's
      hold. --Milton.
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   2.
      (a) An instrument, usually with hinged claws, for seizing
          and holding fast to an object; a grab.
      (b) (Naut.) A grappling iron.
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                The iron hooks and grapples keen. --Spenser.
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   Grapple plant (Bot.), a South African herb ({Herpagophytum
      leptocarpum}) having the woody fruits armed with long
      hooked or barbed thorns by which they adhere to cattle,
      causing intense annoyance.

   Grapple shot (Life-saving Service), a projectile, to which
      are attached hinged claws to catch in a ship's rigging or
      to hold in the ground; -- called also anchor shot.
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.

From The Collaborative International Dictionary of English v.0.48:

Anchor \An"chor\ ([a^][ng]"k[~e]r), n. [OE. anker, AS. ancor,
   oncer, L. ancora, sometimes spelt anchora, fr. Gr. 'a`gkyra,
   akin to E. angle: cf. F. ancre. See Angle, n.]
   1. A iron instrument which is attached to a ship by a cable
      (rope or chain), and which, being cast overboard, lays
      hold of the earth by a fluke or hook and thus retains the
      ship in a particular station.
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   Note: The common anchor consists of a straight bar called a
         shank, having at one end a transverse bar called a
         stock, above which is a ring for the cable, and at the
         other end the crown, from which branch out two or more
         arms with flukes, forming with the shank a suitable
         angle to enter the ground.
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   Note: Formerly the largest and strongest anchor was the sheet
         anchor (hence, Fig., best hope or last refuge), called
         also waist anchor. Now the bower and the sheet anchor
         are usually alike. Then came the best bower and the
         small bower (so called from being carried on the bows).
         The stream anchor is one fourth the weight of the bower
         anchor. Kedges or kedge anchors are light anchors used
         in warping.
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   2. Any instrument or contrivance serving a purpose like that
      of a ship's anchor, as an arrangement of timber to hold a
      dam fast; a contrivance to hold the end of a bridge cable,
      or other similar part; a contrivance used by founders to
      hold the core of a mold in place.
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   3. Fig.: That which gives stability or security; that on
      which we place dependence for safety.
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            Which hope we have as an anchor of the soul. --Heb.
                                                  vi. 19.
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   4. (Her.) An emblem of hope.
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   5. (Arch.)
      (a) A metal tie holding adjoining parts of a building
          together.
      (b) Carved work, somewhat resembling an anchor or
          arrowhead; -- a part of the ornaments of certain
          moldings. It is seen in the echinus, or egg-and-anchor
          (called also egg-and-dart, egg-and-tongue)
          ornament.
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   6. (Zool.) One of the anchor-shaped spicules of certain
      sponges; also, one of the calcareous spinules of certain
      Holothurians, as in species of Synapta.
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   6. (Television) an achorman, anchorwoman, or
      anchorperson.
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   Anchor ice. See under Ice. 

   Anchor light See the vocabulary.

   Anchor ring. (Math.) Same as Annulus, 2 (b).

   Anchor shot See the vocabulary.

   Anchor space See the vocabulary.

   Anchor stock (Naut.), the crossbar at the top of the shank
      at right angles to the arms.

   Anchor watch See the vocabulary.

   The anchor comes home, when it drags over the bottom as the
      ship drifts.

   Foul anchor, the anchor when it hooks, or is entangled
      with, another anchor, or with a cable or wreck, or when
      the slack cable is entangled.

   The anchor is acockbill, when it is suspended
      perpendicularly from the cathead, ready to be let go.

   The anchor is apeak, when the cable is drawn in so tight as
      to bring the ship directly over it.

   The anchor is atrip, or aweigh, when it is lifted out of
      the ground.

   The anchor is awash, when it is hove up to the surface of
      the water.

   At anchor, anchored.

   To back an anchor, to increase the holding power by laying
      down a small anchor ahead of that by which the ship rides,
      with the cable fastened to the crown of the latter to
      prevent its coming home.

   To cast anchor, to drop or let go an anchor to keep a ship
      at rest.

   To cat the anchor, to hoist the anchor to the cathead and
      pass the ring-stopper.

   To fish the anchor, to hoist the flukes to their resting
      place (called the bill-boards), and pass the shank
      painter.

   To weigh anchor, to heave or raise the anchor so as to sail
      away.
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.

From The Collaborative International Dictionary of English v.0.48:

Anchor shot \Anchor shot\ (Billiards)
   A shot made with the object balls in an anchor space.
   [Webster 1913 Suppl.]
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