beat


From The Collaborative International Dictionary of English v.0.48:

Scoop \Scoop\, n. [OE. scope, of Scand. origin; cf. Sw. skopa,
   akin to D. schop a shovel, G. sch["u]ppe, and also to E.
   shove. See Shovel.]
   1. A large ladle; a vessel with a long handle, used for
      dipping liquids; a utensil for bailing boats.
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   2. A deep shovel, or any similar implement for digging out
      and dipping or shoveling up anything; as, a flour scoop;
      the scoop of a dredging machine.
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   3. (Surg.) A spoon-shaped instrument, used in extracting
      certain substances or foreign bodies.
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   4. A place hollowed out; a basinlike cavity; a hollow.
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            Some had lain in the scoop of the rock. --J. R.
                                                  Drake.
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   5. A sweep; a stroke; a swoop.
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   6. The act of scooping, or taking with a scoop or ladle; a
      motion with a scoop, as in dipping or shoveling.
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   7. a quantity sufficient to fill a scoop; -- used especially
      for ice cream, dispensed with an ice cream scoop; as, an
      ice cream cone with two scoops.
      [PJC]

   8. an act of reporting (news, research results) before a
      rival; also called a beat. [Newspaper or laboratory
      cant]
      [Webster 1913 Suppl. +PJC]

   9. news or information; as, what's the scoop on John's
      divorce?. [informal]
      [PJC]

   Scoop net, a kind of hand net, used in fishing; also, a net
      for sweeping the bottom of a river.

   Scoop wheel, a wheel for raising water, having scoops or
      buckets attached to its circumference; a tympanum.
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.

From The Collaborative International Dictionary of English v.0.48:

Undulation \Un`du*la"tion\, n. [Cf. F. ondulation.]
   1. The act of undulating; a waving motion or vibration; as,
      the undulations of a fluid, of water, or of air; the
      undulations of sound.
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   2. A wavy appearance or outline; waviness. --Evelyn.
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   3. (Mus.)
      (a) The tremulous tone produced by a peculiar pressure of
          the finger on a string, as of a violin.
      (b) The pulsation caused by the vibrating together of two
          tones not quite in unison; -- called also beat.
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   4. (Physics) A motion to and fro, up and down, or from side
      to side, in any fluid or elastic medium, propagated
      continuously among its particles, but with no translation
      of the particles themselves in the direction of the
      propagation of the wave; a wave motion; a vibration.
      [1913 Webster]
.

From The Collaborative International Dictionary of English v.0.48:

Beat \Beat\ (b[=e]t), v. t. [imp. Beat; p. p. Beat,
   Beaten; p. pr. & vb. n. Beating.] [OE. beaten, beten, AS.
   be['a]tan; akin to Icel. bauta, OHG. b[=o]zan. Cf. 1st
   Butt, Button.]
   1. To strike repeatedly; to lay repeated blows upon; as, to
      beat one's breast; to beat iron so as to shape it; to beat
      grain, in order to force out the seeds; to beat eggs and
      sugar; to beat a drum.
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            Thou shalt beat some of it [spices] very small.
                                                  --Ex. xxx. 36.
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            They did beat the gold into thin plates. --Ex.
                                                  xxxix. 3.
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   2. To punish by blows; to thrash.
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   3. To scour or range over in hunting, accompanied with the
      noise made by striking bushes, etc., for the purpose of
      rousing game.
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            To beat the woods, and rouse the bounding prey.
                                                  --Prior.
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   4. To dash against, or strike, as with water or wind.
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            A frozen continent . . . beat with perpetual storms.
                                                  --Milton.
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   5. To tread, as a path.
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            Pass awful gulfs, and beat my painful way.
                                                  --Blackmore.
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   6. To overcome in a battle, contest, strife, race, game,
      etc.; to vanquish, defeat, or conquer; to surpass or be
      superior to.
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            He beat them in a bloody battle.      --Prescott.
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            For loveliness, it would be hard to beat that. --M.
                                                  Arnold.
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   7. To cheat; to chouse; to swindle; to defraud; -- often with
      out. [Colloq.]
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   8. To exercise severely; to perplex; to trouble.
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            Why should any one . . . beat his head about the
            Latin grammar who does not intend to be a critic?
                                                  --Locke.
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   9. (Mil.) To give the signal for, by beat of drum; to sound
      by beat of drum; as, to beat an alarm, a charge, a parley,
      a retreat; to beat the general, the reveille, the tattoo.
      See Alarm, Charge, Parley, etc.
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   10. to baffle or stump; to defy the comprehension of (a
       person); as, it beats me why he would do that.
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   11. to evade, avoid, or escape (blame, taxes, punishment);
       as, to beat the rap (be acquitted); to beat the sales tax
       by buying out of state.
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   To beat down, to haggle with (any one) to secure a lower
      price; to force down. [Colloq.]

   To beat into, to teach or instill, by repetition.

   To beat off, to repel or drive back.

   To beat out, to extend by hammering.

   To beat out of a thing, to cause to relinquish it, or give
      it up. "Nor can anything beat their posterity out of it to
      this day." --South.

   To beat the dust. (Man.)
       (a) To take in too little ground with the fore legs, as a
           horse.
       (b) To perform curvets too precipitately or too low.

   To beat the hoof, to walk; to go on foot.

   To beat the wing, to flutter; to move with fluttering
      agitation.

   To beat time, to measure or regulate time in music by the
      motion of the hand or foot.

   To beat up, to attack suddenly; to alarm or disturb; as, to
      beat up an enemy's quarters.
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   Syn: To strike; pound; bang; buffet; maul; drub; thump;
        baste; thwack; thrash; pommel; cudgel; belabor; conquer;
        defeat; vanquish; overcome.
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From The Collaborative International Dictionary of English v.0.48:

Beat \Beat\, v. i.
   1. To strike repeatedly; to inflict repeated blows; to knock
      vigorously or loudly.
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            The men of the city . . . beat at the door.
                                                  --Judges. xix.
                                                  22.
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   2. To move with pulsation or throbbing.
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            A thousand hearts beat happily.       --Byron.
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   3. To come or act with violence; to dash or fall with force;
      to strike anything, as rain, wind, and waves do.
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            Sees rolling tempests vainly beat below. --Dryden.
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            They [winds] beat at the crazy casement.
                                                  --Longfellow.
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            The sun beat upon the head of Jonah, that he
            fainted, and wished in himself to die. --Jonah iv.
                                                  8.
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            Public envy seemeth to beat chiefly upon ministers.
                                                  --Bacon.
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   4. To be in agitation or doubt. [Poetic]
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            To still my beating mind.             --Shak.
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   5. (Naut.) To make progress against the wind, by sailing in a
      zigzag line or traverse.
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   6. To make a sound when struck; as, the drums beat.
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   7. (Mil.) To make a succession of strokes on a drum; as, the
      drummers beat to call soldiers to their quarters.
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   8. (Acoustics & Mus.) To sound with more or less rapid
      alternations of greater and less intensity, so as to
      produce a pulsating effect; -- said of instruments, tones,
      or vibrations, not perfectly in unison.
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   A beating wind (Naut.), a wind which necessitates tacking
      in order to make progress.

   To beat about, to try to find; to search by various means
      or ways. --Addison.

   To beat about the bush, to approach a subject circuitously.
      

   To beat up and down (Hunting), to run first one way and
      then another; -- said of a stag.

   To beat up for recruits, to go diligently about in order to
      get helpers or participators in an enterprise.

   To beat the rap, to be acquitted of an accusation; --
      especially, by some sly or deceptive means, rather than to
      be proven innocent.
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.

From The Collaborative International Dictionary of English v.0.48:

Beat \Beat\, a.
   Weary; tired; fatigued; exhausted. [Colloq.]
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         Quite beat, and very much vexed and disappointed.
                                                  --Dickens.
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.

From The Collaborative International Dictionary of English v.0.48:

Beat \Beat\, n.
   1. One that beats, or surpasses, another or others; as, the
      beat of him. [Colloq.]
      [Webster 1913 Suppl.]

   2. The act of one that beats a person or thing; as:
      (a) (Newspaper Cant) The act of obtaining and publishing a
          piece of news by a newspaper before its competitors;
          also, the news itself; -- also called a scoop or
          exclusive.
          [Webster 1913 Suppl.]

                It's a beat on the whole country. --Scribner's
                                                  Mag.
          [Webster 1913 Suppl.]
      (b) (Hunting) The act of scouring, or ranging over, a
          tract of land to rouse or drive out game; also, those
          so engaged, collectively. "Driven out in the course of
          a beat." --Encyc. of Sport.
          [Webster 1913 Suppl.]

                Bears coming out of holes in the rocks at the
                last moment, when the beat is close to them.
                                                  --Encyc. of
                                                  Sport.
          [Webster 1913 Suppl.]
      (c) (Fencing) A smart tap on the adversary's blade.
          [Webster 1913 Suppl.]
.

From The Collaborative International Dictionary of English v.0.48:

Beat \Beat\, n.
   1. A stroke; a blow.
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            He, with a careless beat,
            Struck out the mute creation at a heat. --Dryden.
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   2. A recurring stroke; a throb; a pulsation; as, a beat of
      the heart; the beat of the pulse.
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   3. (Mus.)
      (a) The rise or fall of the hand or foot, marking the
          divisions of time; a division of the measure so
          marked. In the rhythm of music the beat is the unit.
      (b) A transient grace note, struck immediately before the
          one it is intended to ornament.
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   4. (Acoustics & Mus.) A sudden swelling or re["e]nforcement
      of a sound, recurring at regular intervals, and produced
      by the interference of sound waves of slightly different
      periods of vibrations; applied also, by analogy, to other
      kinds of wave motions; the pulsation or throbbing produced
      by the vibrating together of two tones not quite in
      unison. See Beat, v. i., 8.
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   5. A round or course which is frequently gone over; as, a
      watchman's beat; analogously, for newspaper reporters, the
      subject or territory that they are assigned to cover; as,
      the Washington beat.
      [1913 Webster +PJC]

   6. A place of habitual or frequent resort.
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   7. A cheat or swindler of the lowest grade; -- often
      emphasized by dead; as, a dead beat; also, deadbeat.
      [Low]
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   Beat of drum (Mil.), a succession of strokes varied, in
      different ways, for particular purposes, as to regulate a
      march, to call soldiers to their arms or quarters, to
      direct an attack, or retreat, etc.

   Beat of a watch, or Beat of a clock, the stroke or sound
      made by the action of the escapement. A clock is in beat
      or out of beat, according as the stroke is at equal or
      unequal intervals.
      [1913 Webster]
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