down


From The Collaborative International Dictionary of English v.0.48:

Down \Down\, n. [Akin to LG. dune, dun, Icel. d?nn, Sw. dun,
   Dan. duun, G. daune, cf. D. dons; perh. akin to E. dust.]
   1. Fine, soft, hairy outgrowth from the skin or surface of
      animals or plants, not matted and fleecy like wool; esp.:
      (a) (Zool.) The soft under feathers of birds. They have
          short stems with soft rachis and bards and long
          threadlike barbules, without hooklets.
      (b) (Bot.) The pubescence of plants; the hairy crown or
          envelope of the seeds of certain plants, as of the
          thistle.
      (c) The soft hair of the face when beginning to appear.
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                And the first down begins to shade his face.
                                                  --Dryden.
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   2. That which is made of down, as a bed or pillow; that which
      affords ease and repose, like a bed of down
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            When in the down I sink my head,
            Sleep, Death's twin brother, times my breath.
                                                  --Tennyson.
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            Thou bosom softness, down of all my cares!
                                                  --Southern.
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   Down tree (Bot.), a tree of Central America ({Ochroma
      Lagopus}), the seeds of which are enveloped in vegetable
      wool.
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From The Collaborative International Dictionary of English v.0.48:

Down \Down\ (doun), v. t.
   To cover, ornament, line, or stuff with down. [R.] --Young.
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From The Collaborative International Dictionary of English v.0.48:

Down \Down\, n. [OE. dun, doun, AS. d[=u]n; of Celtic origin;
   cf. Ir. d[=u]n hill, fortified hill, Gael. dun heap, hillock,
   hill, W. din a fortified hill or mount; akin to E. town. See
   Town, and cf. Down, adv. & prep., Dune.]
   1. A bank or rounded hillock of sand thrown up by the wind
      along or near the shore; a flattish-topped hill; --
      usually in the plural.
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            Hills afford prospects, as they must needs
            acknowledge who have been on the downs of Sussex.
                                                  --Ray.
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            She went by dale, and she went by down. --Tennyson.
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   2. A tract of poor, sandy, undulating or hilly land near the
      sea, covered with fine turf which serves chiefly for the
      grazing of sheep; -- usually in the plural. [Eng.]
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            Seven thousand broad-tailed sheep grazed on his
            downs.                                --Sandys.
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   3. pl. A road for shipping in the English Channel or Straits
      of Dover, near Deal, employed as a naval rendezvous in
      time of war.
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            On the 11th [June, 1771] we run up the channel . . .
            at noon we were abreast of Dover, and about three
            came to an anchor in the Downs, and went ashore at
            Deal.                                 --Cook (First
                                                  Voyage).
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   4. pl. [From the adverb.] A state of depression; low state;
      abasement. [Colloq.]
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            It the downs of life too much outnumber the ups.
                                                  --M. Arnold.
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From The Collaborative International Dictionary of English v.0.48:

Down \Down\, adv. [For older adown, AS. ad[=u]n, ad[=u]ne,
   prop., from or off the hill. See 3d Down, and cf. Adown,
   and cf. Adown.]
   1. In the direction of gravity or toward the center of the
      earth; toward or in a lower place or position; below; --
      the opposite of up.
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   2. Hence, in many derived uses, as:
      (a) From a higher to a lower position, literally or
          figuratively; in a descending direction; from the top
          of an ascent; from an upright position; to the ground
          or floor; to or into a lower or an inferior condition;
          as, into a state of humility, disgrace, misery, and
          the like; into a state of rest; -- used with verbs
          indicating motion.
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                It will be rain to-night. Let it come down.
                                                  --Shak.
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                I sit me down beside the hazel grove.
                                                  --Tennyson.
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                And that drags down his life.     --Tennyson.
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                There is not a more melancholy object in the
                learned world than a man who has written himself
                down.                             --Addison.
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                The French . . . shone down [i. e., outshone]
                the English.                      --Shak.
      (b) In a low or the lowest position, literally or
          figuratively; at the bottom of a descent; below the
          horizon; on the ground; in a condition of humility,
          dejection, misery, and the like; in a state of quiet.
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                I was down and out of breath.     --Shak.
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                The moon is down; I have not heard the clock.
                                                  --Shak.
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                He that is down needs fear no fall. --Bunyan.
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   3. From a remoter or higher antiquity.
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            Venerable men! you have come down to us from a
            former generation.                    --D. Webster.
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   4. From a greater to a less bulk, or from a thinner to a
      thicker consistence; as, to boil down in cookery, or in
      making decoctions. --Arbuthnot.
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   Note: Down is sometimes used elliptically, standing for go
         down, come down, tear down, take down, put down, haul
         down, pay down, and the like, especially in command or
         exclamation.

               Down, therefore, and beg mercy of the duke.
                                                  --Shak.
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               If he be hungry more than wanton, bread alone
               will down.                         --Locke.
         Down is also used intensively; as, to be loaded down;
         to fall down; to hang down; to drop down; to pay down.

               The temple of Her[`e] at Argos was burnt down.
                                                  --Jowett
                                                  (Thucyd.).
         Down, as well as up, is sometimes used in a
         conventional sense; as, down East.

               Persons in London say down to Scotland, etc., and
               those in the provinces, up to London.
                                                  --Stormonth.
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   Down helm (Naut.), an order to the helmsman to put the helm
      to leeward.

   Down on or Down upon (joined with a verb indicating
      motion, as go, come, pounce), to attack, implying the idea
      of threatening power.
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            Come down upon us with a mighty power. --Shak.

   Down with, take down, throw down, put down; -- used in
      energetic command, often by people aroused in crowds,
      referring to people, laws, buildings, etc.; as, down with
      the king! "Down with the palace; fire it." --Dryden.

   To be down on, to dislike and treat harshly. [Slang, U.S.]
      

   To cry down. See under Cry, v. t.

   To cut down. See under Cut, v. t.

   Up and down, with rising and falling motion; to and fro;
      hither and thither; everywhere. "Let them wander up and
      down." --Ps. lix. 15.
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From The Collaborative International Dictionary of English v.0.48:

Down \Down\, v. t. [imp. & p. p. Downed; p. pr. & vb. n.
   Downing.]
   To cause to go down; to make descend; to put down; to
   overthrow, as in wrestling; hence, to subdue; to bring down.
   [Archaic or Colloq.] "To down proud hearts." --Sir P. Sidney.
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         I remember how you downed Beauclerk and Hamilton, the
         wits, once at our house.                 --Madame
                                                  D'Arblay.
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From The Collaborative International Dictionary of English v.0.48:

Down \Down\, v. i.
   To go down; to descend. --Locke.
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From The Collaborative International Dictionary of English v.0.48:

Down \Down\, a.
   1. Downcast; as, a down look. [R.]
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   2. Downright; absolute; positive; as, a down denial. [Obs.]
      --Beau. & Fl.
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   3. Downward; going down; sloping; as, a down stroke; a down
      grade; a down train on a railway.
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   Down draught, a downward draft, as in a flue, chimney,
      shaft of a mine, etc.

   Down in the mouth, Down at the mouth chopfallen;
      dejected.
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From The Collaborative International Dictionary of English v.0.48:

Down \Down\, prep. [From Down, adv.]
   1. In a descending direction along; from a higher to a lower
      place upon or within; at a lower place in or on; as, down
      a hill; down a well.
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   2. Hence: Towards the mouth of a river; towards the sea; as,
      to sail or swim down a stream; to sail down the sound.
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   Down the country, toward the sea, or toward the part where
      rivers discharge their waters into the ocean.

   Down the sound, in the direction of the ebbing tide; toward
      the sea.
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