draff


From The Collaborative International Dictionary of English v.0.48:

Grain \Grain\ (gr[=a]n), n. [F. grain, L. granum, grain, seed,
   small kernel, small particle. See Corn, and cf. Garner,
   n., Garnet, Gram the chick-pea, Granule, Kernel.]
   [1913 Webster]
   1. A single small hard seed; a kernel, especially of those
      plants, like wheat, whose seeds are used for food.
      [1913 Webster]

   2. The fruit of certain grasses which furnish the chief food
      of man, as corn, wheat, rye, oats, etc., or the plants
      themselves; -- used collectively.
      [1913 Webster]

            Storehouses crammed with grain.       --Shak.
      [1913 Webster]

   3. Any small, hard particle, as of sand, sugar, salt, etc.;
      hence, any minute portion or particle; as, a grain of
      gunpowder, of pollen, of starch, of sense, of wit, etc.
      [1913 Webster]

            I . . . with a grain of manhood well resolved.
                                                  --Milton.
      [1913 Webster]

   4. The unit of the English system of weights; -- so called
      because considered equal to the average of grains taken
      from the middle of the ears of wheat. 7,000 grains
      constitute the pound avoirdupois, and 5,760 grains the
      pound troy. A grain is equal to .0648 gram. See Gram.
      [1913 Webster]

   5. A reddish dye made from the coccus insect, or kermes;
      hence, a red color of any tint or hue, as crimson,
      scarlet, etc.; sometimes used by the poets as equivalent
      to Tyrian purple.
      [1913 Webster]

            All in a robe of darkest grain.       --Milton.
      [1913 Webster]

            Doing as the dyers do, who, having first dipped
            their silks in colors of less value, then give' them
            the last tincture of crimson in grain. --Quoted by
                                                  Coleridge,
                                                  preface to
                                                  Aids to
                                                  Reflection.
      [1913 Webster]

   6. The composite particles of any substance; that arrangement
      of the particles of any body which determines its
      comparative roughness or hardness; texture; as, marble,
      sugar, sandstone, etc., of fine grain.
      [1913 Webster]

            Hard box, and linden of a softer grain. --Dryden.
      [1913 Webster]

   7. The direction, arrangement, or appearance of the fibers in
      wood, or of the strata in stone, slate, etc.
      [1913 Webster]

            Knots, by the conflux of meeting sap,
            Infect the sound pine and divert his grain
            Tortive and errant from his course of growth.
                                                  --Shak.
      [1913 Webster]

   8. The fiber which forms the substance of wood or of any
      fibrous material.
      [1913 Webster]

   9. The hair side of a piece of leather, or the marking on
      that side. --Knight.
      [1913 Webster]

   10. pl. The remains of grain, etc., after brewing or
       distillation; hence, any residuum. Also called draff.
       [1913 Webster]

   11. (Bot.) A rounded prominence on the back of a sepal, as in
       the common dock. See Grained, a., 4.
       [1913 Webster]

   12. Temper; natural disposition; inclination. [Obs.]
       [1913 Webster]

             Brothers . . . not united in grain.  --Hayward.
       [1913 Webster]

   13. A sort of spice, the grain of paradise. [Obs.]
       [1913 Webster]

             He cheweth grain and licorice,
             To smellen sweet.                    --Chaucer.
       [1913 Webster]

   Against the grain, against or across the direction of the
      fibers; hence, against one's wishes or tastes;
      unwillingly; unpleasantly; reluctantly; with difficulty.
      --Swift. --Saintsbury.

   A grain of allowance, a slight indulgence or latitude a
      small allowance.

   Grain binder, an attachment to a harvester for binding the
      grain into sheaves.

   Grain colors, dyes made from the coccus or kermes insect.
      

   Grain leather.
       (a) Dressed horse hides.
       (b) Goat, seal, and other skins blacked on the grain side
           for women's shoes, etc.

   Grain moth (Zool.), one of several small moths, of the
      family Tineid[ae] (as Tinea granella and {Butalis
      cerealella}), whose larv[ae] devour grain in storehouses.
      

   Grain side (Leather), the side of a skin or hide from which
      the hair has been removed; -- opposed to flesh side.

   Grains of paradise, the seeds of a species of amomum.

   grain tin, crystalline tin ore metallic tin smelted with
      charcoal.

   Grain weevil (Zool.), a small red weevil ({Sitophilus
      granarius}), which destroys stored wheat and other grain,
      by eating out the interior.

   Grain worm (Zool.), the larva of the grain moth. See {grain
      moth}, above.

   In grain, of a fast color; deeply seated; fixed; innate;
      genuine. "Anguish in grain." --Herbert.

   To dye in grain, to dye of a fast color by means of the
      coccus or kermes grain [see Grain, n., 5]; hence, to dye
      firmly; also, to dye in the wool, or in the raw material.
      See under Dye.
      [1913 Webster]

            The red roses flush up in her cheeks . . .
            Likce crimson dyed in grain.          --Spenser.

   To go against the grain of (a person), to be repugnant to;
      to vex, irritate, mortify, or trouble.
      [1913 Webster]
.

From The Collaborative International Dictionary of English v.0.48:

Draff \Draff\, n. [Cf. D. draf the sediment of ale, Icel. draf
   draff, husks. Cf. 1st Drab.]
   Refuse; lees; dregs; the wash given to swine or cows;
   hogwash; waste matter.
   [1913 Webster]

         Prodigals lately come from swine keeping, from eating
         draff and husks.                         -- Shak.
   [1913 Webster]

         The draff and offal of a bygone age.     -- Buckle.
   [1913 Webster]

         Mere chaff and draff, much better burnt. -- Tennyson.
   [1913 Webster]
Feedback Form