From The Collaborative International Dictionary of English v.0.48:

Goldfinch \Gold"finch`\, n. [AS. goldfinc. See Gold, and
   Finch.] (Zool.)
   (a) A beautiful bright-colored European finch ({Carduelis
       elegans}). The name refers to the large patch of yellow
       on the wings. The front of the head and throat are bright
       red; the nape, with part of the wings and tail, black; --
       called also goldspink, goldie, fool's coat,
       drawbird, draw-water, thistle finch, and {sweet
   (b) The yellow-hammer.
   (c) A small American finch (Spinus tristis); the thistle
       [1913 Webster]

   Note: The name is also applied to other yellow finches, esp.
         to several additional American species of Spinus.
         [1913 Webster]
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