field


From The Collaborative International Dictionary of English v.0.48:

Gun \Gun\ (g[u^]n), n. [OE. gonne, gunne; of uncertain origin;
   cf. Ir., Gael., & LL. gunna, W. gum; possibly (like cannon)
   fr. L. canna reed, tube; or abbreviated fr. OF. mangonnel, E.
   mangonel, a machine for hurling stones.]
   1. A weapon which throws or propels a missile to a distance;
      any firearm or instrument for throwing projectiles,
      consisting of a tube or barrel closed at one end, in which
      the projectile is placed, with an explosive charge (such
      as guncotton or gunpowder) behind, which is ignited by
      various means. Pistols, rifles, carbines, muskets, and
      fowling pieces are smaller guns, for hand use, and are
      called small arms. Larger guns are called cannon,
      ordnance, fieldpieces, carronades, howitzers, etc.
      See these terms in the Vocabulary.
      [1913 Webster]

            As swift as a pellet out of a gunne
            When fire is in the powder runne.     --Chaucer.
      [1913 Webster]

            The word gun was in use in England for an engine to
            cast a thing from a man long before there was any
            gunpowder found out.                  --Selden.
      [1913 Webster]

   2. (Mil.) A piece of heavy ordnance; in a restricted sense, a
      cannon.
      [1913 Webster]

   3. pl. (Naut.) Violent blasts of wind.
      [1913 Webster]

   Note: Guns are classified, according to their construction or
         manner of loading as rifled or smoothbore,
         breech-loading or muzzle-loading, cast or
         built-up guns; or according to their use, as field,
         mountain, prairie, seacoast, and siege guns.
         [1913 Webster]

   Armstrong gun, a wrought iron breech-loading cannon named
      after its English inventor, Sir William Armstrong.

   Big gun or Great gun, a piece of heavy ordnance; hence
      (Fig.), a person superior in any way; as, bring in the big
      guns to tackle the problem.

   Gun barrel, the barrel or tube of a gun.

   Gun carriage, the carriage on which a gun is mounted or
      moved.

   Gun cotton (Chem.), a general name for a series of
      explosive nitric ethers of cellulose, obtained by steeping
      cotton in nitric and sulphuric acids. Although there are
      formed substances containing nitric acid radicals, yet the
      results exactly resemble ordinary cotton in appearance. It
      burns without ash, with explosion if confined, but quietly
      and harmlessly if free and open, and in small quantity.
      Specifically, the lower nitrates of cellulose which are
      insoluble in ether and alcohol in distinction from the
      highest (pyroxylin) which is soluble. See Pyroxylin, and
      cf. Xyloidin. The gun cottons are used for blasting and
      somewhat in gunnery: for making celluloid when compounded
      with camphor; and the soluble variety (pyroxylin) for
      making collodion. See Celluloid, and Collodion. Gun
      cotton is frequenty but improperly called
      nitrocellulose. It is not a nitro compound, but an ester
      of nitric acid.

   Gun deck. See under Deck.

   Gun fire, the time at which the morning or the evening gun
      is fired.

   Gun metal, a bronze, ordinarily composed of nine parts of
      copper and one of tin, used for cannon, etc. The name is
      also given to certain strong mixtures of cast iron.

   Gun port (Naut.), an opening in a ship through which a
      cannon's muzzle is run out for firing.

   Gun tackle (Naut.), the blocks and pulleys affixed to the
      side of a ship, by which a gun carriage is run to and from
      the gun port.

   Gun tackle purchase (Naut.), a tackle composed of two
      single blocks and a fall. --Totten.

   Krupp gun, a wrought steel breech-loading cannon, named
      after its German inventor, Herr Krupp.

   Machine gun, a breech-loading gun or a group of such guns,
      mounted on a carriage or other holder, and having a
      reservoir containing cartridges which are loaded into the
      gun or guns and fired in rapid succession. In earlier
      models, such as the Gatling gun, the cartridges were
      loaded by machinery operated by turning a crank. In modern
      versions the loading of cartidges is accomplished by
      levers operated by the recoil of the explosion driving the
      bullet, or by the pressure of gas within the barrel.
      Several hundred shots can be fired in a minute by such
      weapons, with accurate aim. The Gatling gun, {Gardner
      gun}, Hotchkiss gun, and Nordenfelt gun, named for
      their inventors, and the French mitrailleuse, are
      machine guns.

   To blow great guns (Naut.), to blow a gale. See Gun, n.,
      3.
      [1913 Webster +PJC]
.

From The Collaborative International Dictionary of English v.0.48:

field \field\ (f[=e]ld), n. [OE. feld, fild, AS. feld; akin to
   D. veld, G. feld, Sw. f[aum]lt, Dan. felt, Icel. fold field
   of grass, AS. folde earth, land, ground, OS. folda.]
   1. Cleared land; land suitable for tillage or pasture;
      cultivated ground; the open country.
      [1913 Webster]

   2. A piece of land of considerable size; esp., a piece
      inclosed for tillage or pasture.
      [1913 Webster]

            Fields which promise corn and wine.   --Byron.
      [1913 Webster]

   3. A place where a battle is fought; also, the battle itself.
      [1913 Webster]

            In this glorious and well-foughten field. --Shak.
      [1913 Webster]

            What though the field be lost?        --Milton.
      [1913 Webster]

   4. An open space; an extent; an expanse. Esp.:
      (a) Any blank space or ground on which figures are drawn
          or projected.
      (b) The space covered by an optical instrument at one
          view; as, wide-field binoculars.
          [1913 Webster + PJC]

                Without covering, save yon field of stars.
                                                  --Shak.
          [1913 Webster]

                Ask of yonder argent fields above. --Pope.
          [1913 Webster]

   5. (Her.) The whole surface of an escutcheon; also, so much
      of it is shown unconcealed by the different bearings upon
      it. See Illust. of Fess, where the field is represented
      as gules (red), while the fess is argent (silver).
      [1913 Webster]

   6. An unresticted or favorable opportunity for action,
      operation, or achievement; province; room.
      [1913 Webster]

            Afforded a clear field for moral experiments.
                                                  --Macaulay.
      [1913 Webster]

   7. (Sports) An open, usually flat, piece of land on which a
      sports contest is played; a playing field; as, a football
      field; a baseball field.

   Syn: playing field, athletic field, playing area.
        [PJC]

   8. Specifically: (Baseball) That part of the grounds reserved
      for the players which is outside of the diamond; -- called
      also outfield.
      [1913 Webster]

   9. A geographic region (land or sea) which has some notable
      feature, activity or valuable resource; as, the diamond
      fields of South Africa; an oil field; a gold field; an ice
      field.
      [WordNet 1.6]

   10. A facility having an airstrip where airplanes can take
       off and land; an airfield.

   Syn: airfield, landing field, flying field, aerodrome.
        [WordNet 1.6]

   11. A collective term for all the competitors in any outdoor
       contest or trial, or for all except the favorites in the
       betting.
       [1913 Webster]

   12. A branch of knowledge or sphere of activity; especially,
       a learned or professional discipline; as, she's an expert
       in the field of geology; in what field did she get her
       doctorate?; they are the top company in the field of
       entertainment.

   Syn: discipline, subject, subject area, subject field, field
        of study, study, branch of knowledge.
        [WordNet 1.6]

   Note: Within the master text files of this electronic
         dictionary, where a word is used in a specific sense in
         some specialized field of knowledge, that field is
         indicated by the tags: () preceding that sense of the
         word.
         [PJC]

   13. A location, usually outdoors, away from a studio or
       office or library or laboratory, where practical work is
       done or data is collected; as, anthropologists do much of
       their work in the field; the paleontologist is in the
       field collecting specimens. Usually used in the phrase

   in the field.
      [WordNet 1.6]

   14. (Physics) The influence of a physical object, such as an
       electrically charged body, which is capable of exerting
       force on objects at a distance; also, the region of space
       over which such an influence is effective; as, the
       earth's gravitational field; an electrical field; a
       magnetic field; a force field.
       [PJC]

   15. (Math.) A set of elements within which operations can be
       defined analagous to the operations of addition,
       subtraction, multiplication, and division on the real
       numbers; within such a set of elements addition and
       multiplication are commutative and associative and
       multiplication is distributive over addition and there
       are two elements 0 and 1; a commutative division ring;
       as, the set of all rational numbers is a field.
       [WordNet 1.6]

   Note: Field is often used adjectively in the sense of
         belonging to, or used in, the fields; especially with
         reference to the operations and equipments of an army
         during a campaign away from permanent camps and
         fortifications. In most cases such use of the word is
         sufficiently clear; as, field battery; field
         fortification; field gun; field hospital, etc. A field
         geologist, naturalist, etc., is one who makes
         investigations or collections out of doors. A survey
         uses a field book for recording field notes, i.e.,
         measurment, observations, etc., made in field work
         (outdoor operations). A farmer or planter employs field
         hands, and may use a field roller or a field derrick.
         Field sports are hunting, fishing, athletic games, etc.
         [1913 Webster]

   Coal field (Geol.) See under Coal.

   Field artillery, light ordnance mounted on wheels, for the
      use of a marching army.

   Field basil (Bot.), a plant of the Mint family ({Calamintha
      Acinos}); -- called also basil thyme.

   Field colors (Mil.), small flags for marking out the
      positions for squadrons and battalions; camp colors.

   Field cricket (Zool.), a large European cricket ({Gryllus
      campestric}), remarkable for its loud notes.

   Field day.
       (a) A day in the fields.
       (b) (Mil.) A day when troops are taken into the field for
           instruction in evolutions. --Farrow.
       (c) A day of unusual exertion or display; a gala day.

   Field driver, in New England, an officer charged with the
      driving of stray cattle to the pound.

   Field duck (Zool.), the little bustard (Otis tetrax),
      found in Southern Europe.

   Field glass. (Optics)
       (a) A binocular telescope of compact form; a lorgnette; a
           race glass.
       (b) A small achromatic telescope, from 20 to 24 inches
           long, and having 3 to 6 draws.
       (c) See Field lens.

   Field lark. (Zool.)
       (a) The skylark.
       (b) The tree pipit.

   Field lens (Optics), that one of the two lenses forming the
      eyepiece of an astronomical telescope or compound
      microscope which is nearer the object glass; -- called
      also field glass.

   Field madder (Bot.), a plant (Sherardia arvensis) used in
      dyeing.

   Field marshal (Mil.), the highest military rank conferred
      in the British and other European armies.

   Field officer (Mil.), an officer above the rank of captain
      and below that of general.

   Field officer's court (U.S.Army), a court-martial
      consisting of one field officer empowered to try all
      cases, in time of war, subject to jurisdiction of garrison
      and regimental courts. --Farrow.

   Field plover (Zool.), the black-bellied plover ({Charadrius
      squatarola}); also sometimes applied to the Bartramian
      sandpiper (Bartramia longicauda).

   Field spaniel (Zool.), a small spaniel used in hunting
      small game.

   Field sparrow. (Zool.)
       (a) A small American sparrow (Spizella pusilla).
       (b) The hedge sparrow. [Eng.]

   Field staff (Mil.), a staff formerly used by gunners to
      hold a lighted match for discharging a gun.

   Field vole (Zool.), the European meadow mouse.

   Field of ice, a large body of floating ice; a pack.

   Field, or Field of view, in a telescope or microscope,
      the entire space within which objects are seen.

   Field magnet. see under Magnet.

   Magnetic field. See Magnetic.

   To back the field, or To bet on the field. See under
      Back, v. t. -- To keep the field.
       (a) (Mil.) To continue a campaign.
       (b) To maintain one's ground against all comers.

   To lay against the field or To back against the field, to
      bet on (a horse, etc.) against all comers.

   To take the field (Mil.), to enter upon a campaign.
      [1913 Webster]
.

From The Collaborative International Dictionary of English v.0.48:

Field \Field\, v. i. [imp. & p. p. Fielded; p. pr. & vb. n.
   Fielding.]
   1. To take the field. [Obs.] --Spenser.
      [1913 Webster]

   2. (Ball Playing) To stand out in the field, ready to catch,
      stop, or throw the ball.
      [1913 Webster]
.

From The Collaborative International Dictionary of English v.0.48:

Field \Field\, v. t. (Ball Playing)
   To catch, stop, throw, etc. (the ball), as a fielder.
   [1913 Webster]
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