first name


From The Collaborative International Dictionary of English v.0.48:

Name \Name\ (n[=a]m), n. [AS. nama; akin to D. naam, OS. & OHG.
   namo, G. name, Icel. nafn, for namn, Dan. navn, Sw. namn,
   Goth. nam[=o], L. nomen (perh. influenced by noscere,
   gnoscere, to learn to know), Gr. 'o`mona, Scr. n[=a]man.
   [root]267. Cf. Anonymous, Ignominy, Misnomer,
   Nominal, Noun.]
   1. The title by which any person or thing is known or
      designated; a distinctive specific appellation, whether of
      an individual or a class.
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            Whatsoever Adam called every living creature, that
            was the name thereof.                 --Gen. ii. 19.
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            What's in a name? That which we call a rose
            By any other name would smell as sweet. --Shak.
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   2. A descriptive or qualifying appellation given to a person
      or thing, on account of a character or acts.
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            His name shall be called Wonderful, Counsellor, The
            mighty God, The everlasting Father, The Prince of
            Peace.                                --Is. ix. 6.
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   3. Reputed character; reputation, good or bad; estimation;
      fame; especially, illustrious character or fame; honorable
      estimation; distinction.
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            What men of name resort to him?       --Shak.
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            Far above . . . every name that is named, not only
            in this world, but also in that which is to come.
                                                  --Eph. i. 21.
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            I will get me a name and honor in the kingdom. --1
                                                  Macc. iii. 14.
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            He hath brought up an evil name upon a virgin.
                                                  --Deut. xxii.
                                                  19.
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            The king's army . . . had left no good name behind.
                                                  --Clarendon.
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   4. Those of a certain name; a race; a family.
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            The ministers of the republic, mortal enemies of his
            name, came every day to pay their feigned
            civilities.                           --Motley.
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   5. A person, an individual. [Poetic]
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            They list with women each degenerate name. --Dryden.
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   Christian name.
      (a) The name a person receives at baptism, as
          distinguished from surname; baptismal name; in
          western countries, it is also called a first name.
      (b) A given name, whether received at baptism or not.

   Given name. See under Given.

   In name, in profession, or by title only; not in reality;
      as, a friend in name.

   In the name of.
      (a) In behalf of; by the authority of. " I charge you in
          the duke's name to obey me."            --Shak.
      (b) In the represented or assumed character of. "I'll to
          him again in name of Brook."            --Shak.

   Name plate, a plate as of metal, glass, etc., having a name
      upon it, as a sign; a doorplate.

   Pen name, a name assumed by an author; a pseudonym or {nom
      de plume}. --Bayard Taylor.

   Proper name (Gram.), a name applied to a particular person,
      place, or thing.

   To call names, to apply opprobrious epithets to; to call by
      reproachful appellations.

   To take a name in vain, to use a name lightly or profanely;
      to use a name in making flippant or dishonest oaths. --Ex.
      xx. 7.
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   Syn: Appellation; title; designation; cognomen; denomination;
        epithet.

   Usage: Name, Appellation, Title, Denomination. Name
          is generic, denoting that combination of sounds or
          letters by which a person or thing is known and
          distinguished. Appellation, although sometimes put for
          name simply, denotes, more properly, a descriptive
          term (called also agnomen or cognomen), used by
          way of marking some individual peculiarity or
          characteristic; as, Charles the Bold, Philip the
          Stammerer. A title is a term employed to point out
          one's rank, office, etc.; as, the Duke of Bedford,
          Paul the Apostle, etc. Denomination is to particular
          bodies what appellation is to individuals; thus, the
          church of Christ is divided into different
          denominations, as Congregationalists, Episcopalians,
          Presbyterians, etc.
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.

From The Collaborative International Dictionary of English v.0.48:

First \First\ (f[~e]rst), a. [OE. first, furst, AS. fyrst; akin
   to Icel. fyrstr, Sw. & Dan. f["o]rste, OHG. furist, G.
   f["u]rst prince; a superlatiye form of E. for, fore. See
   For, Fore, and cf. Formeer, Foremost.]
   1. Preceding all others of a series or kind; the ordinal of
      one; earliest; as, the first day of a month; the first
      year of a reign.
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   2. Foremost; in front of, or in advance of, all others.
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   3. Most eminent or exalted; most excellent; chief; highest;
      as, Demosthenes was the first orator of Greece.
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   At first blush. See under Blush.

   At first hand, from the first or original source; without
      the intervention of any agent.
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            It is the intention of the person to reveal it at
            first hand, by way of mouth, to yourself. --Dickens.

   First coat (Plastering), the solid foundation of coarse
      stuff, on which the rest is placed; it is thick, and
      crossed with lines, so as to give a bond for the next
      coat.

   First day, Sunday; -- so called by the Friends.

   First floor.
      (a) The ground floor. [U.S.]
      (b) The floor next above the ground floor. [Eng.]

   First fruit or First fruits.
      (a) The fruits of the season earliest gathered.
      (b) (Feudal Law) One year's profits of lands belonging to
          the king on the death of a tenant who held directly
          from him.
      (c) (Eng. Eccl. Law) The first year's whole profits of a
          benefice or spiritual living.
      (d) The earliest effects or results.
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                See, Father, what first fruits on earth are
                sprung
                From thy implanted grace in man!  --Milton.

   First mate, an officer in a merchant vessel next in rank to
      the captain.

   First name, same as Christian name. See under Name, n.
      

   First officer (Naut.), in the merchant service, same as
      First mate (above).

   First sergeant (Mil.), the ranking non-commissioned officer
      in a company; the orderly sergeant. --Farrow.

   First watch (Naut.), the watch from eight to twelve at
      midnight; also, the men on duty during that time.

   First water, the highest quality or purest luster; -- said
      of gems, especially of diamond and pearls.

   Syn: Primary; primordial; primitive; primeval; pristine;
        highest; chief; principal; foremost.
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