From The Collaborative International Dictionary of English v.0.48:

Gudgeon \Gud"geon\ (g[u^]j"[u^]n), n. [OE. gojon, F. goujon,
   from L. gobio, or gobius, Gr. kwbio`s Cf. 1st Goby. ]
   1. (Zool.) A small European freshwater fish ({Gobio
      fluviatilis}), allied to the carp. It is easily caught and
      often used for food and for bait. In America the
      killifishes or minnows are often called gudgeons.
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   2. What may be got without skill or merit.
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            Fish not, with this melancholy bait,
            For this fool gudgeon, this opinion.  --Shak.
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   3. A person easily duped or cheated. --Swift.
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   4. (Mach.) The pin of iron fastened in the end of a wooden
      shaft or axle, on which it turns; formerly, any journal,
      or pivot, or bearing, as the pintle and eye of a hinge,
      but esp. the end journal of a horizontal.
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   6. (Naut.) A metal eye or socket attached to the sternpost to
      receive the pintle of the rudder.
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   Ball gudgeon. See under Ball.
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