letter


From The Collaborative International Dictionary of English v.0.48:

Letter \Let"ter\ (l[e^]t"t[~e]r), n. [From Let to permit.]
   One who lets or permits; one who lets anything for hire.
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From The Collaborative International Dictionary of English v.0.48:

Letter \Let"ter\, n. [From Let to hinder.]
   One who retards or hinders. [Archaic.]
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From The Collaborative International Dictionary of English v.0.48:

Letter \Let"ter\, n. [OE. lettre, F. lettre, OF. letre, fr. L.
   littera, litera, a letter; pl., an epistle, a writing,
   literature, fr. linere, litum, to besmear, to spread or rub
   over; because one of the earliest modes of writing was by
   graving the characters upon tablets smeared over or covered
   with wax. --Pliny, xiii. 11. See Liniment, and cf.
   Literal.]
   1. A mark or character used as the representative of a sound,
      or of an articulation of the human organs of speech; a
      first element of written language.
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            And a superscription also was written over him in
            letters of Greek, and Latin, and Hebrew. --Luke
                                                  xxiii. 38.
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   2. A written or printed communication; a message expressed in
      intelligible characters on something adapted to
      conveyance, as paper, parchment, etc.; an epistle.
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            The style of letters ought to be free, easy, and
            natural.                              --Walsh.
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   3. A writing; an inscription. [Obs.]
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            None could expound what this letter meant.
                                                  --Chaucer.
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   4. Verbal expression; literal statement or meaning; exact
      signification or requirement.
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            We must observe the letter of the law, without doing
            violence to the reason of the law and the intention
            of the lawgiver.                      --Jer. Taylor.
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            I broke the letter of it to keep the sense.
                                                  --Tennyson.
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   5. (Print.) A single type; type, collectively; a style of
      type.
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            Under these buildings . . . was the king's printing
            house, and that famous letter so much esteemed.
                                                  --Evelyn.
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   6. pl. Learning; erudition; as, a man of letters.
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   7. pl. A letter; an epistle. [Obs.] --Chaucer.
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   8. (Teleg.) A telegram longer than an ordinary message sent
      at rates lower than the standard message rate in
      consideration of its being sent and delivered subject to
      priority in service of regular messages. Such telegrams
      are called by the Western Union Company day letters, or
      night letters according to the time of sending, and by
      The Postal Telegraph Company day lettergrams, or {night
      lettergrams}.
      [Webster 1913 Suppl.]

   Dead letter, Drop letter, etc. See under Dead, Drop,
      etc.

   Letter book, a book in which copies of letters are kept.

   Letter box, a box for the reception of letters to be mailed
      or delivered.

   Letter carrier, a person who carries letters; a postman;
      specif., an officer of the post office who carries letters
      to the persons to whom they are addressed, and collects
      letters to be mailed.

   Letter cutter, one who engraves letters or letter punches.
      

   Letter lock, a lock that can not be opened when fastened,
      unless certain movable lettered rings or disks forming a
      part of it are in such a position (indicated by a
      particular combination of the letters) as to permit the
      bolt to be withdrawn.
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            A strange lock that opens with AMEN.  --Beau. & Fl.

   Letter paper, paper for writing letters on; especially, a
      size of paper intermediate between note paper and
      foolscap. See Paper.

   Letter punch, a steel punch with a letter engraved on the
      end, used in making the matrices for type.

   Letters of administration (Law), the instrument by which an
      administrator or administratrix is authorized to
      administer the goods and estate of a deceased person.

   Letter of attorney, Letter of credit, etc. See under
      Attorney, Credit, etc.

   Letter of license, a paper by which creditors extend a
      debtor's time for paying his debts.

   Letters close or Letters clause (Eng. Law.), letters or
      writs directed to particular persons for particular
      purposes, and hence closed or sealed on the outside; --
      distinguished from letters patent. --Burrill.

   Letters of orders (Eccl.), a document duly signed and
      sealed, by which a bishop makes it known that he has
      regularly ordained a certain person as priest, deacon,
      etc.

   Letters patent, Letters overt, or Letters open (Eng.
      Law), a writing executed and sealed, by which power and
      authority are granted to a person to do some act, or enjoy
      some right; as, letters patent under the seal of England.
      The common commercial patent is a derivative form of
      such a right.

   Letter-sheet envelope, a stamped sheet of letter paper
      issued by the government, prepared to be folded and sealed
      for transmission by mail without an envelope.

   Letters testamentary (Law), an instrument granted by the
      proper officer to an executor after probate of a will,
      authorizing him to act as executor.

   Letter writer.
      (a) One who writes letters.
      (b) A machine for copying letters.
      (c) A book giving directions and forms for the writing of
          letters.
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From The Collaborative International Dictionary of English v.0.48:

Letter \Let"ter\ (l[e^]t"t[~e]r), v. t. [imp. & p. p. Lettered
   (-t[~e]rd); p. pr. & vb. n. Lettering.]
   To impress with letters; to mark with letters or words; as, a
   book gilt and lettered.
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From The Collaborative International Dictionary of English v.0.48:

Attorney \At*tor"ney\, n.; pl. Attorneys. [OE. aturneye, OF.
   atorn['e], p. p. of atorner: cf. LL. atturnatus, attornatus,
   fr. attornare. See Attorn.]
   1. A substitute; a proxy; an agent. [Obs.]
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            And will have no attorney but myself. --Shak.
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   2. (Law)
      (a) One who is legally appointed by another to transact
          any business for him; an attorney in fact.
      (b) A legal agent qualified to act for suitors and
          defendants in legal proceedings; an attorney at law.
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   Note: An attorney is either public or private. A private
         attorney, or an attorney in fact, is a person appointed
         by another, by a letter or power of attorney, to
         transact any business for him out of court; but in a
         more extended sense, this class includes any agent
         employed in any business, or to do any act in pais, for
         another. A public attorney, or attorney at law, is a
         practitioner in a court of law, legally qualified to
         prosecute and defend actions in such court, on the
         retainer of clients. --Bouvier. -- The attorney at law
         answers to the procurator of the civilians, to the
         solicitor in chancery, and to the proctor in the
         ecclesiastical and admiralty courts, and all of these
         are comprehended under the more general term lawyer. In
         Great Britain and in some states of the United States,
         attorneys are distinguished from counselors in that the
         business of the former is to carry on the practical and
         formal parts of the suit. In many states of the United
         States however, no such distinction exists. In England,
         since 1873, attorneys at law are by statute called
         solicitors.
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   A power, letter, or warrant, of attorney, a written
      authority from one person empowering another to transact
      business for him.
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