light


From The Collaborative International Dictionary of English v.0.48:

Light \Light\ (l[imac]t), n. [OE. light, liht, AS. le['i]ht;
   akin to OS. lioht, D. & G. licht, OHG. lioht, Goth.
   liuha[thorn], Icel. lj[=o]s, L. lux light, lucere to shine,
   Gr. leyko`s white, Skr. ruc to shine. [root]122. Cf. Lucid,
   Lunar, Luminous, Lynx.]
   1. That agent, force, or action in nature by the operation of
      which upon the organs of sight, objects are rendered
      visible or luminous.
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   Note: Light was regarded formerly as consisting of material
         particles, or corpuscules, sent off in all directions
         from luminous bodies, and traversing space, in right
         lines, with the known velocity of about 186,300 miles
         per second; but it is now generally understood to
         consist, not in any actual transmission of particles or
         substance, but in the propagation of vibrations or
         undulations in a subtile, elastic medium, or ether,
         assumed to pervade all space, and to be thus set in
         vibratory motion by the action of luminous bodies, as
         the atmosphere is by sonorous bodies. This view of the
         nature of light is known as the undulatory or wave
         theory; the other, advocated by Newton (but long since
         abandoned), as the corpuscular, emission, or Newtonian
         theory. A more recent theory makes light to consist in
         electrical oscillations, and is known as the
         electro-magnetic theory of light.
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   2. That which furnishes, or is a source of, light, as the
      sun, a star, a candle, a lighthouse, etc.
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            Then he called for a light, and sprang in. --Acts
                                                  xvi. 29.
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            And God made two great lights; the greater light to
            rule the day, and the lesser light to rule the
            night.                                --Gen. i. 16.
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   3. The time during which the light of the sun is visible;
      day; especially, the dawn of day.
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            The murderer, rising with the light, killeth the
            poor and needy.                       --Job xxiv.
                                                  14.
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   4. The brightness of the eye or eyes.
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            He seemed to find his way without his eyes;
            For out o'door he went without their helps,
            And, to the last, bended their light on me. --Shak.
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   5. The medium through which light is admitted, as a window,
      or window pane; a skylight; in architecture, one of the
      compartments of a window made by a mullion or mullions.
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            There were windows in three rows, and light was
            against light in three ranks.         --I Kings
                                                  vii.4.
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   6. Life; existence.
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            O, spring to light, auspicious Babe, be born !
                                                  --Pope.
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   7. Open view; a visible state or condition; public
      observation; publicity.
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            The duke yet would have dark deeds darkly answered;
            he would never bring them to light.   --Shak.
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   8. The power of perception by vision.
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            My strength faileth me; as for the light of my eyes,
            it also is gone from me.              --Ps. xxxviii.
                                                  10.
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   9. That which illumines or makes clear to the mind; mental or
      spiritual illumination; enlightenment; knowledge;
      information.
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            He shall never know
            That I had any light of this from thee. --Shak.
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   10. Prosperity; happiness; joy; felicity.
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             Then shall thy light break forth as the morning,
             and thy health shall spring forth speedily. --Is.
                                                  lviii. 8.
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   11. (Paint.) The manner in which the light strikes upon a
       picture; that part of a picture which represents those
       objects upon which the light is supposed to fall; the
       more illuminated part of a landscape or other scene; --
       opposed to shade. Cf. Chiaroscuro.
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   12. Appearance due to the particular facts and circumstances
       presented to view; point of view; as, to state things
       fairly and put them in the right light.
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             Frequent consideration of a thing . . . shows it in
             its several lights and various ways of appearance.
                                                  --South.
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   13. One who is conspicuous or noteworthy; a model or example;
       as, the lights of the age or of antiquity.
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             Joan of Arc,
             A light of ancient France.           --Tennyson.
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   14. (Pyrotech.) A firework made by filling a case with a
       substance which burns brilliantly with a white or colored
       flame; as, a Bengal light.
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   Note: Light is used figuratively to denote that which
         resembles physical light in any respect, as
         illuminating, benefiting, enlightening, or enlivening
         mankind.
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   Ancient lights (Law), Calcium light, Flash light, etc.
      See under Ancient, Calcium, etc.

   Light ball (Mil.), a ball of combustible materials, used to
      afford light; -- sometimes made so as to be fired from a
      cannon or mortar, or to be carried up by a rocket.

   Light barrel (Mil.), an empty power barrel pierced with
      holes and filled with shavings soaked in pitch, used to
      light up a ditch or a breach.

   Light dues (Com.), tolls levied on ships navigating certain
      waters, for the maintenance of lighthouses.

   Light iron, a candlestick. [Obs.]

   Light keeper, a person appointed to take care of a
      lighthouse or light-ship.

   Light money, charges laid by government on shipping
      entering a port, for the maintenance of lighthouses and
      light-ships.

   The light of the countenance, favor; kindness; smiles.
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            Lord, lift thou up the light of thy countenance upon
            us.                                   --Ps. iv. 6.

   Northern lights. See Aurora borealis, under Aurora.

   To bring to light, to cause to be disclosed.

   To come to light, to be disclosed.

   To see the light, to come into the light; hence, to come
      into the world or into public notice; as, his book never
      saw the light.

   To stand in one's own light, to take a position which is
      injurious to one's own interest.
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.

From The Collaborative International Dictionary of English v.0.48:

Light \Light\, v. i.
   1. To become ignited; to take fire; as, the match will not
      light.
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   2. To be illuminated; to receive light; to brighten; -- with
      up; as, the room light up very well.
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.

From The Collaborative International Dictionary of English v.0.48:

Light \Light\, a. [Compar. Lighter (l[imac]t"[~e]r); superl.
   Lightest.] [OE. light, liht, AS. l[imac]ht, le['i]ht; akin
   to D. ligt, G. leicht, OHG. l[imac]hti, Icel. l[=e]ttr, Dan.
   let, Sw. l[aum]tt, Goth. leihts, and perh. to L. levis (cf.
   Levity), Gr. 'elachy`s small, Skr. laghu light. [root]125.]
   1. Having little, or comparatively little, weight; not
      tending to be the center of gravity with force; not heavy.
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            These weights did not exert their natural gravity, .
            . . insomuch that I could not guess which was light
            or heavy whilst I held them in my hand. --Addison.
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   2. Not burdensome; easy to be lifted, borne, or carried by
      physical strength; as, a light burden, or load.
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            Ye shall find rest unto your souls. For my yoke is
            easy, and my burden is light.         --Matt. xi.
                                                  29, 30.
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   3. Easy to be endured or performed; not severe; not
      difficult; as, a light affliction or task. --Chaucer.
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            Light sufferings give us leisure to complain.
                                                  --Dryden.
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   4. Easy to be digested; not oppressive to the stomach; as,
      light food; also, containing little nutriment.
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   5. Not heavily armed; armed with light weapons; as, light
      troops; a troop of light horse.
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   6. Not encumbered; unembarrassed; clear of impediments;
      hence, active; nimble; swift.
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            Unmarried men are best friends, best masters . . .
            but not always best subjects, for they are light to
            run away.                             --Bacon.
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   7. Not heavily burdened; not deeply laden; not sufficiently
      ballasted; as, the ship returned light.
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   8. Slight; not important; as, a light error. --Shak.
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   9. Well leavened; not heavy; as, light bread.
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   10. Not copious or heavy; not dense; not inconsiderable; as,
       a light rain; a light snow; light vapors.
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   11. Not strong or violent; moderate; as, a light wind.
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   12. Not pressing heavily or hard upon; hence, having an easy,
       graceful manner; delicate; as, a light touch; a light
       style of execution.
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   13. Easy to admit influence; inconsiderate; easily influenced
       by trifling considerations; unsteady; unsettled;
       volatile; as, a light, vain person; a light mind.
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             There is no greater argument of a light and
             inconsiderate person than profanely to scoff at
             religion.                            --Tillotson.
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   14. Indulging in, or inclined to, levity; wanting dignity or
       solemnity; trifling; gay; frivolous; airy; unsubstantial.
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             Seneca can not be too heavy, nor Plautus too light.
                                                  --Shak.
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             Specimens of New England humor laboriously light
             and lamentably mirthful.             --Hawthorne.
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   15. Not quite sound or normal; somewhat impaired or deranged;
       dizzy; giddy.
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             Are his wits safe? Is he not light of brain ?
                                                  --Shak.
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   16. Easily bestowed; inconsiderately rendered.
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             To a fair semblance doth light faith annex.
                                                  --Spenser.
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   17. Wanton; unchaste; as, a woman of light character.
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             A light wife doth make a heavy husband. --Shak.
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   18. Not of the legal, standard, or usual weight; clipped;
       diminished; as, light coin.
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   19. Loose; sandy; easily pulverized; as, a light soil.
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   Light cavalry, Light horse (Mil.), light-armed soldiers
      mounted on strong and active horses.

   Light eater, one who eats but little.

   Light infantry, infantry soldiers selected and trained for
      rapid evolutions.

   Light of foot.
       (a) Having a light step.
       (b) Fleet.

   Light of heart, gay, cheerful.

   Light oil (Chem.), the oily product, lighter than water,
      forming the chief part of the first distillate of coal
      tar, and consisting largely of benzene and toluene.

   Light sails (Naut.), all the sails above the topsails,
      with, also, the studding sails and flying jib. --Dana.

   Light sleeper, one easily wakened.

   Light weight, a prize fighter, boxer, wrestler, or jockey,
      who is below a standard medium weight. Cf. {Feather
      weight}, under Feather. [Cant]

   To make light of, to treat as of little consequence; to
      slight; to disregard.

   To set light by, to undervalue; to slight; to treat as of
      no importance; to despise.
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From The Collaborative International Dictionary of English v.0.48:

Light \Light\, v. t. [imp. & p. p. Lighted (l[imac]t"[e^]d) or
   Lit (l[i^]t); p. pr. & vb. n. Lighting.] [AS. l[=y]htan,
   l[imac]htan, to shine. [root]122. See Light, n.]
   1. To set fire to; to cause to burn; to set burning; to
      ignite; to kindle; as, to light a candle or lamp; to light
      the gas; -- sometimes with up.
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            If a thousand candles be all lighted from one.
                                                  --Hakewill.
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            And the largest lamp is lit.          --Macaulay.
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            Absence might cure it, or a second mistress
            Light up another flame, and put out this. --Addison.
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   2. To give light to; to illuminate; to fill with light; to
      spread over with light; -- often with up.
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            Ah, hopeless, lasting flames! like those that burn
            To light the dead.                    --Pope.
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            One hundred years ago, to have lit this theater as
            brilliantly as it is now lighted would have cost, I
            suppose, fifty pounds.                --F. Harrison.
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            The sun has set, and Vesper, to supply
            His absent beams, has lighted up the sky. --Dryden.
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   3. To attend or conduct with a light; to show the way to by
      means of a light.
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            His bishops lead him forth, and light him on.
                                                  --Landor.
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   To light a fire, to kindle the material of a fire.
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.

From The Collaborative International Dictionary of English v.0.48:

Light \Light\ (l[imac]t), a. [AS. le['i]ht. See Light, n.]
   [Compar. Lighter (l[imac]t"[~e]r); superl. Lightest.]
   1. Having light; not dark or obscure; bright; clear; as, the
      apartment is light.
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   2. White or whitish; not intense or very marked; not of a
      deep shade; moderately colored; as, a light color; a light
      brown; a light complexion.
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From The Collaborative International Dictionary of English v.0.48:

Light \Light\ (l[imac]t), adv.
   Lightly; cheaply. --Hooker.
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From The Collaborative International Dictionary of English v.0.48:

Light \Light\, v. t. [See Light not heavy, and cf. Light to
   alight, and Lighten to make less heavy.]
   To lighten; to ease of a burden; to take off. [Obs.]
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         From his head the heavy burgonet did light. --Spenser.
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From The Collaborative International Dictionary of English v.0.48:

Light \Light\, v. i. [imp. & p. p. Lighted (l[imac]t"[e^]d) or
   Lit (l[i^]t); p. pr. & vb. n. Lighting.] [AS. l[imac]htan
   to alight orig., to relieve (a horse) of the rider's burden,
   to make less heavy, fr. l[imac]ht light. See Light not
   heavy, and cf. Alight, Lighten to make light.]
   1. To dismount; to descend, as from a horse or carriage; to
      alight; -- with from, off, on, upon, at, in.
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            When she saw Isaac, she lighted off the camel.
                                                  --Gen. xxiv.
                                                  64.
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            Slowly rode across a withered heath,
            And lighted at a ruined inn.          --Tennyson.
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   2. To feel light; to be made happy. [Obs.]
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            It made all their hearts to light.    --Chaucer.
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   3. To descend from flight, and rest, perch, or settle, as a
      bird or insect.
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            [The bee] lights on that, and this, and tasteth all.
                                                  --Sir. J.
                                                  Davies.
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            On the tree tops a crested peacock lit. --Tennyson.
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   4. To come down suddenly and forcibly; to fall; -- with on or
      upon.
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            On me, me only, as the source and spring
            Of all corruption, all the blame lights due.
                                                  --Milton.
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   5. To come by chance; to happen; -- with on or upon; formerly
      with into.
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            The several degrees of vision, which the assistance
            of glasses (casually at first lit on) has taught us
            to conceive.                          --Locke.
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            They shall light into atheistical company. --South.
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            And here we lit on Aunt Elizabeth,
            And Lilia with the rest.              --Tennyson.
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From The Collaborative International Dictionary of English v.0.48:

Wine \Wine\, n. [OE. win, AS. win, fr. L. vinum (cf. Icel.
   v[imac]n; all from the Latin); akin to Gr. o'i^nos, ?, and E.
   withy. Cf. Vine, Vineyard, Vinous, Withy.]
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   1. The expressed juice of grapes, esp. when fermented; a
      beverage or liquor prepared from grapes by squeezing out
      their juice, and (usually) allowing it to ferment. "Red
      wine of Gascoigne." --Piers Plowman.
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            Wine is a mocker, strong drink is raging, and
            whosoever is deceived thereby is not wise. --Prov.
                                                  xx. 1.
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            Bacchus, that first from out the purple grape
            Crushed the sweet poison of misused wine. --Milton.
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   Note: Wine is essentially a dilute solution of ethyl alcohol,
         containing also certain small quantities of ethers and
         ethereal salts which give character and bouquet.
         According to their color, strength, taste, etc., wines
         are called red, white, spirituous, dry,
         light, still, etc.
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   2. A liquor or beverage prepared from the juice of any fruit
      or plant by a process similar to that for grape wine; as,
      currant wine; gooseberry wine; palm wine.
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   3. The effect of drinking wine in excess; intoxication.
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            Noah awoke from his wine.             --Gen. ix. 24.
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   Birch wine, Cape wine, etc. See under Birch, Cape,
      etc.

   Spirit of wine. See under Spirit.

   To have drunk wine of ape or To have drunk wine ape, to
      be so drunk as to be foolish. [Obs.] --Chaucer.

   Wine acid. (Chem.) See Tartaric acid, under Tartaric.
      [Colloq.]

   Wine apple (Bot.), a large red apple, with firm flesh and a
      rich, vinous flavor.

   Wine fly (Zool.), small two-winged fly of the genus
      Piophila, whose larva lives in wine, cider, and other
      fermented liquors.

   Wine grower, one who cultivates a vineyard and makes wine.
      

   Wine measure, the measure by which wines and other spirits
      are sold, smaller than beer measure.

   Wine merchant, a merchant who deals in wines.

   Wine of opium (Pharm.), a solution of opium in aromatized
      sherry wine, having the same strength as ordinary
      laudanum; -- also Sydenham's laudanum.

   Wine press, a machine or apparatus in which grapes are
      pressed to extract their juice.

   Wine skin, a bottle or bag of skin, used, in various
      countries, for carrying wine.

   Wine stone, a kind of crust deposited in wine casks. See
      1st Tartar, 1.

   Wine vault.
      (a) A vault where wine is stored.
      (b) A place where wine is served at the bar, or at tables;
          a dramshop. --Dickens.

   Wine vinegar, vinegar made from wine.

   Wine whey, whey made from milk coagulated by the use of
      wine.
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