From The Collaborative International Dictionary of English v.0.48:

Neighborhood \Neigh"bor*hood\, n. [Written also neighbourhood.]
   1. The quality or condition of being a neighbor; the state of
      being or dwelling near; proximity.
      [1913 Webster]

            Then the prison and the palace were in awful
            neighborhood.                         --Ld. Lytton.
      [1913 Webster]

   2. A place near; vicinity; adjoining district; a region the
      inhabitants of which may be counted as neighbors; as, he
      lives in my neighborhood.
      [1913 Webster]

   3. The inhabitants who live in the vicinity of each other;
      as, the fire alarmed all the neiborhood.
      [1913 Webster]

   4. The disposition becoming a neighbor; neighborly kindness
      or good will. [Obs.] --Jer. Taylor.
      [1913 Webster]

   Syn: Vicinity; vicinage; proximity.

   Usage: Neighborhood, Vicinity. Neighborhood is
          Anglo-Saxon, and vicinity is Latin. Vicinity does not
          commonly denote so close a connection as neighborhood.
          A neighborhood is a more immediately vicinity. The
          houses immediately adjoining a square are in the
          neighborhood of that square; those which are somewhat
          further removed are also in the vicinity of the
          [1913 Webster]
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