old wife


From The Collaborative International Dictionary of English v.0.48:

Sea bream \Sea" bream`\ (Zool.)
   Any one of several species of sparoid fishes, especially the
   common European species (Pagellus centrodontus), the
   Spanish (Pagellus Oweni), and the black sea bream
   (Cantharus lineatus); -- called also old wife.
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.

From The Collaborative International Dictionary of English v.0.48:

Old \Old\, a. [Compar. Older; superl. Oldest.] [OE. old,
   ald, AS. ald, eald; akin to D. oud, OS. ald, OFries. ald,
   old, G. alt, Goth. alpeis, and also to Goth. alan to grow up,
   Icel. ala to bear, produce, bring up, L. alere to nourish.
   Cf. Adult, Alderman, Aliment, Auld, Elder.]
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   1. Not young; advanced far in years or life; having lived
      till toward the end of the ordinary term of living; as, an
      old man; an old age; an old horse; an old tree.
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            Let not old age disgrace my high desire. --Sir P.
                                                  Sidney.
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            The melancholy news that we grow old. --Young.
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   2. Not new or fresh; not recently made or produced; having
      existed for a long time; as, old wine; an old friendship.
      "An old acquaintance." --Camden.
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   3. Formerly existing; ancient; not modern; preceding;
      original; as, an old law; an old custom; an old promise.
      "The old schools of Greece." --Milton. "The character of
      the old Ligurians." --Addison.
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   4. Continued in life; advanced in the course of existence;
      having (a certain) length of existence; -- designating the
      age of a person or thing; as, an infant a few hours old; a
      cathedral centuries old.
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            And Pharaoh said unto Jacob, How old art thou?
                                                  --Cen. xlvii.
                                                  8.
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   Note: In this use old regularly follows the noun that
         designates the age; as, she was eight years old.
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   5. Long practiced; hence, skilled; experienced; cunning; as,
      an old offender; old in vice.
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            Vane, young in years, but in sage counsel old.
                                                  --Milton.
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   6. Long cultivated; as, an old farm; old land, as opposed to
      new land, that is, to land lately cleared.
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   7. Worn out; weakened or exhausted by use; past usefulness;
      as, old shoes; old clothes.
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   8. More than enough; abundant. [Obs.]
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            If a man were porter of hell gate, he should have
            old turning the key.                  --Shak.
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   9. Aged; antiquated; hence, wanting in the mental vigor or
      other qualities belonging to youth; -- used disparagingly
      as a term of reproach.
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   10. Old-fashioned; wonted; customary; as of old; as, the good
       old times; hence, colloquially, gay; jolly.
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   11. Used colloquially as a term of cordiality and
       familiarity. "Go thy ways, old lad." --Shak.
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   Old age, advanced years; the latter period of life.

   Old bachelor. See Bachelor, 1.

   Old Catholics. See under Catholic.

   Old English. See under English. n., 2.

   Old Nick, Old Scratch, the devil.

   Old lady (Zool.), a large European noctuid moth ({Mormo
      maura}).

   Old maid.
       (a) A woman, somewhat advanced in years, who has never
           been married; a spinster.
       (b) (Bot.) A West Indian name for the pink-flowered
           periwinkle (Vinca rosea).
       (c) A simple game of cards, played by matching them. The
           person with whom the odd card is left is the old
           maid.

   Old man's beard. (Bot.)
       (a) The traveler's joy (Clematis Vitalba). So named
           from the abundant long feathery awns of its fruit.
       (b) The Tillandsia usneoides. See Tillandsia.

   Old man's head (Bot.), a columnar cactus ({Pilocereus
      senilis}), native of Mexico, covered towards the top with
      long white hairs.

   Old red sandstone (Geol.), a series of red sandstone rocks
      situated below the rocks of the Carboniferous age and
      comprising various strata of siliceous sandstones and
      conglomerates. See Sandstone, and the Chart of
      Geology.

   Old school, a school or party belonging to a former time,
      or preserving the character, manner, or opinions of a
      former time; as, a gentleman of the old school; -- used
      also adjectively; as, Old-School Presbyterians.

   Old sledge, an old and well-known game of cards, called
      also all fours, and high, low, Jack, and the game.

   Old squaw (Zool.), a duck (Clangula hyemalis) inhabiting
      the northern parts of both hemispheres. The adult male is
      varied with black and white and is remarkable for the
      length of its tail. Called also longtailed duck, {south
      southerly}, callow, hareld, and old wife.

   Old style. (Chron.) See the Note under Style.

   Old Testament. See Old Testament under Testament, and
      see tanak.

   Old wife. [In the senses
       b and
       c written also oldwife.]
       (a) A prating old woman; a gossip.

                 Refuse profane and old wives' fables. --1 Tim.
                                                  iv. 7.
       (b) (Zool.) The local name of various fishes, as the
           European black sea bream (Cantharus lineatus), the
           American alewife, etc.
       (c) (Zool.) A duck; the old squaw.

   Old World, the Eastern Hemisphere.
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   Syn: Aged; ancient; pristine; primitive; antique; antiquated;
        old-fashioned; obsolete. See Ancient.
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.

From The Collaborative International Dictionary of English v.0.48:

Spot \Spot\ (sp[o^]t), n. [Cf. Scot. & D. spat, Dan. spette, Sw.
   spott spittle, slaver; from the root of E. spit. See Spit
   to eject from the mouth, and cf. Spatter.]
   1. A mark on a substance or body made by foreign matter; a
      blot; a place discolored.
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            Out, damned spot! Out, I say!         --Shak.
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   2. A stain on character or reputation; something that soils
      purity; disgrace; reproach; fault; blemish.
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            Yet Chloe, sure, was formed without a spot. --Pope.
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   3. A small part of a different color from the main part, or
      from the ground upon which it is; as, the spots of a
      leopard; the spots on a playing card.
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   4. A small extent of space; a place; any particular place.
      "Fixed to one spot." --Otway.
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            That spot to which I point is Paradise. --Milton.
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            "A jolly place," said he, "in times of old!
            But something ails it now: the spot is cursed."
                                                  --Wordsworth.
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   5. (Zool.) A variety of the common domestic pigeon, so called
      from a spot on its head just above its beak.
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   6. (Zool.)
      (a) A sciaenoid food fish (Liostomus xanthurus) of the
          Atlantic coast of the United States. It has a black
          spot behind the shoulders and fifteen oblique dark
          bars on the sides. Called also goody, Lafayette,
          masooka, and old wife.
      (b) The southern redfish, or red horse, which has a spot
          on each side at the base of the tail. See Redfish.
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   7. pl. Commodities, as merchandise and cotton, sold for
      immediate delivery. [Broker's Cant]
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   Crescent spot (Zool.), any butterfly of the family
      Melitaeidae having crescent-shaped white spots along the
      margins of the red or brown wings.

   Spot lens (Microscopy), a condensing lens in which the
      light is confined to an annular pencil by means of a
      small, round diaphragm (the spot), and used in dark-field
      illumination; -- called also spotted lens.

   Spot rump (Zool.), the Hudsonian godwit ({Limosa
      haemastica}).

   Spots on the sun. (Astron.) See Sun spot, ander Sun.

   On the spot, or Upon the spot, immediately; before
      moving; without changing place; as, he made his decision
      on the spot.

            It was determined upon the spot.      --Swift.
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   Syn: Stain; flaw; speck; blot; disgrace; reproach; fault;
        blemish; place; site; locality.
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