partisan


From The Collaborative International Dictionary of English v.0.48:

Partisan \Par"ti*san\ (p[aum]r"t[i^]*zan), n. [F., fr. It.
   partigiano. See Party, and cf. Partisan a truncheon.]
   [Written also partizan.]
   1. An adherent to a party or faction; esp., one who is
      strongly and passionately devoted to a party or an
      interest. "The violence of a partisan." --Macaulay.
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            Both sides had their partisans in the colony.
                                                  --Jefferson.
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   2. (Mil.)
      (a) The commander of a body of detached light troops
          engaged in making forays and harassing an enemy.
      (b) Any member of such a corps.
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.

From The Collaborative International Dictionary of English v.0.48:

Partisan \Par"ti*san\, a. [Written also partizan.]
   1. Adherent to a party or faction; especially, having the
      character of blind, passionate, or unreasonable adherence
      to a party; as, blinded by partisan zeal.
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   2. (Mil.) Serving as a partisan in a detached command; as, a
      partisan officer or corps.
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   Partisan ranger (Mil.), a member of a partisan corps.
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.

From The Collaborative International Dictionary of English v.0.48:

Partisan \Par"ti*san\, n. [F. pertuisane, prob. fr. It.
   partigiana, influenced in French by OF. pertuisier to pierce.
   It was prob. so named as the weapon of some partisans, or
   party men. Cf. Partisan one of a corps of light troops.]
   A kind of halberd or pike; also, a truncheon; a staff.
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         And make him with our pikes and partisans a grave.
                                                  --Shak.
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