small arms


From The Collaborative International Dictionary of English v.0.48:

Gun \Gun\ (g[u^]n), n. [OE. gonne, gunne; of uncertain origin;
   cf. Ir., Gael., & LL. gunna, W. gum; possibly (like cannon)
   fr. L. canna reed, tube; or abbreviated fr. OF. mangonnel, E.
   mangonel, a machine for hurling stones.]
   1. A weapon which throws or propels a missile to a distance;
      any firearm or instrument for throwing projectiles,
      consisting of a tube or barrel closed at one end, in which
      the projectile is placed, with an explosive charge (such
      as guncotton or gunpowder) behind, which is ignited by
      various means. Pistols, rifles, carbines, muskets, and
      fowling pieces are smaller guns, for hand use, and are
      called small arms. Larger guns are called cannon,
      ordnance, fieldpieces, carronades, howitzers, etc.
      See these terms in the Vocabulary.
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            As swift as a pellet out of a gunne
            When fire is in the powder runne.     --Chaucer.
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            The word gun was in use in England for an engine to
            cast a thing from a man long before there was any
            gunpowder found out.                  --Selden.
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   2. (Mil.) A piece of heavy ordnance; in a restricted sense, a
      cannon.
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   3. pl. (Naut.) Violent blasts of wind.
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   Note: Guns are classified, according to their construction or
         manner of loading as rifled or smoothbore,
         breech-loading or muzzle-loading, cast or
         built-up guns; or according to their use, as field,
         mountain, prairie, seacoast, and siege guns.
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   Armstrong gun, a wrought iron breech-loading cannon named
      after its English inventor, Sir William Armstrong.

   Big gun or Great gun, a piece of heavy ordnance; hence
      (Fig.), a person superior in any way; as, bring in the big
      guns to tackle the problem.

   Gun barrel, the barrel or tube of a gun.

   Gun carriage, the carriage on which a gun is mounted or
      moved.

   Gun cotton (Chem.), a general name for a series of
      explosive nitric ethers of cellulose, obtained by steeping
      cotton in nitric and sulphuric acids. Although there are
      formed substances containing nitric acid radicals, yet the
      results exactly resemble ordinary cotton in appearance. It
      burns without ash, with explosion if confined, but quietly
      and harmlessly if free and open, and in small quantity.
      Specifically, the lower nitrates of cellulose which are
      insoluble in ether and alcohol in distinction from the
      highest (pyroxylin) which is soluble. See Pyroxylin, and
      cf. Xyloidin. The gun cottons are used for blasting and
      somewhat in gunnery: for making celluloid when compounded
      with camphor; and the soluble variety (pyroxylin) for
      making collodion. See Celluloid, and Collodion. Gun
      cotton is frequenty but improperly called
      nitrocellulose. It is not a nitro compound, but an ester
      of nitric acid.

   Gun deck. See under Deck.

   Gun fire, the time at which the morning or the evening gun
      is fired.

   Gun metal, a bronze, ordinarily composed of nine parts of
      copper and one of tin, used for cannon, etc. The name is
      also given to certain strong mixtures of cast iron.

   Gun port (Naut.), an opening in a ship through which a
      cannon's muzzle is run out for firing.

   Gun tackle (Naut.), the blocks and pulleys affixed to the
      side of a ship, by which a gun carriage is run to and from
      the gun port.

   Gun tackle purchase (Naut.), a tackle composed of two
      single blocks and a fall. --Totten.

   Krupp gun, a wrought steel breech-loading cannon, named
      after its German inventor, Herr Krupp.

   Machine gun, a breech-loading gun or a group of such guns,
      mounted on a carriage or other holder, and having a
      reservoir containing cartridges which are loaded into the
      gun or guns and fired in rapid succession. In earlier
      models, such as the Gatling gun, the cartridges were
      loaded by machinery operated by turning a crank. In modern
      versions the loading of cartidges is accomplished by
      levers operated by the recoil of the explosion driving the
      bullet, or by the pressure of gas within the barrel.
      Several hundred shots can be fired in a minute by such
      weapons, with accurate aim. The Gatling gun, {Gardner
      gun}, Hotchkiss gun, and Nordenfelt gun, named for
      their inventors, and the French mitrailleuse, are
      machine guns.

   To blow great guns (Naut.), to blow a gale. See Gun, n.,
      3.
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.

From The Collaborative International Dictionary of English v.0.48:

Small \Small\ (sm[add]l), a. [Compar. Smaller
   (sm[add]l"[~e]r); superl. Smallest.] [OE. small, AS. smael;
   akin to D. smal narrow, OS. & OHG. smal small, G. schmal
   narrow, Dan. & Sw. smal, Goth. smals small, Icel. smali small
   cattle, sheep, or goats; cf. Gr. mh^lon a sheep or goat.]
   1. Having little size, compared with other things of the same
      kind; little in quantity or degree; diminutive; not large
      or extended in dimension; not great; not much;
      inconsiderable; as, a small man; a small river.
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            To compare
            Great things with small.              --Milton.
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   2. Being of slight consequence; feeble in influence or
      importance; unimportant; trivial; insignificant; as, a
      small fault; a small business.
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   3. Envincing little worth or ability; not large-minded; --
      sometimes, in reproach, paltry; mean.
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            A true delineation of the smallest man is capable of
            interesting the greatest man.         --Carlyle.
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   4. Not prolonged in duration; not extended in time; short;
      as, after a small space. --Shak.
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   5. Weak; slender; fine; gentle; soft; not loud. "A still,
      small voice." --1 Kings xix. 12.
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   Great and small,of all ranks or degrees; -- used especially
      of persons. "His quests, great and small." --Chaucer.

   Small arms, muskets, rifles, pistols, etc., in distinction
      from cannon.

   Small beer. See under Beer.

   Small coal.
      (a) Little coals of wood formerly used to light fires.
          --Gay.
      (b) Coal about the size of a hazelnut, separated from the
          coarser parts by screening.

   Small craft (Naut.), a vessel, or vessels in general, of a
      small size.

   Small fruits. See under Fruit.

   Small hand, a certain size of paper. See under Paper.

   Small hours. See under Hour.

   Small letter. (Print.), a lower-case letter. See
      Lower-case, and Capital letter, under Capital, a.

   Small piece, a Scotch coin worth about 21/4d. sterling, or
      about 41/2cents.

   Small register. See the Note under 1st Register, 7.

   Small stuff (Naut.), spun yarn, marline, and the smallest
      kinds of rope. --R. H. Dana, Jr.

   Small talk, light or trifling conversation; chitchat.

   Small wares (Com.), various small textile articles, as
      tapes, braid, tringe, and the like. --M`Culloch.
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From The Collaborative International Dictionary of English v.0.48:

Arms \Arms\, n. pl. [OE. armes, F. arme, pl. armes, fr. L. arma,
   pl., arms, orig. fittings, akin to armus shoulder, and E.
   arm. See Arm, n.]
   1. Instruments or weapons of offense or defense.
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            He lays down his arms, but not his wiles. --Milton.
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            Three horses and three goodly suits of arms.
                                                  --Tennyson.
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   2. The deeds or exploits of war; military service or science.
      "Arms and the man I sing." --Dryden.
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   3. (Law) Anything which a man takes in his hand in anger, to
      strike or assault another with; an aggressive weapon.
      --Cowell. Blackstone.
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   4. (Her.) The ensigns armorial of a family, consisting of
      figures and colors borne in shields, banners, etc., as
      marks of dignity and distinction, and descending from
      father to son.
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   5. (Falconry) The legs of a hawk from the thigh to the foot.
      --Halliwell.
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   Bred to arms, educated to the profession of a soldier.

   In arms, armed for war; in a state of hostility.

   Small arms, portable firearms known as muskets, rifles,
      carbines, pistols, etc.

   A stand of arms, a complete set for one soldier, as a
      musket, bayonet, cartridge box and belt; frequently, the
      musket and bayonet alone.

   To arms! a summons to war or battle.

   Under arms, armed and equipped and in readiness for battle,
      or for a military parade.
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   Arm's end,

   Arm's length,

   Arm's reach. See under Arm.
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