star jelly


From The Collaborative International Dictionary of English v.0.48:

Nostoc \Nos"toc\, prop. n. [F.] (Bot.)
   A genus of algae. The plants are composed of moniliform cells
   imbedded in a gelatinous substance.
   [1913 Webster]

   Note: Nostoc commune is found on the ground, and is
         ordinarily not seen; but after a rain it swells up into
         a conspicuous jellylike mass, which was formerly
         supposed to have fallen from the sky, whence the
         popular names, fallen star and star jelly. Also
         called witches' butter.
         [1913 Webster]
.

From The Collaborative International Dictionary of English v.0.48:

Star \Star\ (st[aum]r), n. [OE. sterre, AS. steorra; akin to
   OFries. stera, OS. sterro, D. ster, OHG. sterno, sterro, G.
   stern, Icel. stjarna, Sw. stjerna, Dan. stierne, Goth.
   sta['i]rn[=o], Armor. & Corn. steren, L. stella, Gr. 'asth`r,
   'a`stron, Skr. star; perhaps from a root meaning, to scatter,
   Skr. st[.r], L. sternere (cf. Stratum), and originally
   applied to the stars as being strewn over the sky, or as
   being scatterers or spreaders of light. [root]296. Cf.
   Aster, Asteroid, Constellation, Disaster, Stellar.]
   1. One of the innumerable luminous bodies seen in the
      heavens; any heavenly body other than the sun, moon,
      comets, and nebulae.
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            His eyen twinkled in his head aright,
            As do the stars in the frosty night.  --Chaucer.
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   Note: The stars are distinguished as planets, and {fixed
         stars}. See Planet, Fixed stars under Fixed, and
         Magnitude of a star under Magnitude.
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   2. The polestar; the north star. --Shak.
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   3. (Astrol.) A planet supposed to influence one's destiny;
      (usually pl.) a configuration of the planets, supposed to
      influence fortune.
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            O malignant and ill-brooding stars.   --Shak.
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            Blesses his stars, and thinks it luxury. --Addison.
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   4. That which resembles the figure of a star, as an ornament
      worn on the breast to indicate rank or honor.
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            On whom . . .
            Lavish Honor showered all her stars.  --Tennyson.
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   5. Specifically, a radiated mark in writing or printing; an
      asterisk [thus, *]; -- used as a reference to a note, or
      to fill a blank where something is omitted, etc.
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   6. (Pyrotechny) A composition of combustible matter used in
      the heading of rockets, in mines, etc., which, exploding
      in the air, presents a starlike appearance.
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   7. A person of brilliant and attractive qualities, especially
      on public occasions, as a distinguished orator, a leading
      theatrical performer, etc.
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   Note: Star is used in the formation of compound words
         generally of obvious signification; as, star-aspiring,
         star-bespangled, star-bestudded, star-blasting,
         star-bright, star-crowned, star-directed, star-eyed,
         star-headed, star-paved, star-roofed, star-sprinkled,
         star-wreathed.
         [1913 Webster]

   Blazing star, Double star, Multiple star, {Shooting
   star}, etc. See under Blazing, Double, etc.

   Nebulous star (Astron.), a small well-defined circular
      nebula, having a bright nucleus at its center like a star.
      

   Star anise (Bot.), any plant of the genus Illicium; -- so
      called from its star-shaped capsules.

   Star apple (Bot.), a tropical American tree ({Chrysophyllum
      Cainito}), having a milky juice and oblong leaves with a
      silky-golden pubescence beneath. It bears an applelike
      fruit, the carpels of which present a starlike figure when
      cut across. The name is extended to the whole genus of
      about sixty species, and the natural order (Sapotaceae)
      to which it belongs is called the Star-apple family.

   Star conner, one who cons, or studies, the stars; an
      astronomer or an astrologer. --Gascoigne.

   Star coral (Zool.), any one of numerous species of stony
      corals belonging to Astraea, Orbicella, and allied
      genera, in which the calicles are round or polygonal and
      contain conspicuous radiating septa.

   Star cucumber. (Bot.) See under Cucumber.

   Star flower. (Bot.)
      (a) A plant of the genus Ornithogalum;
          star-of-Bethlehem.
      (b) See Starwort
      (b) .
      (c) An American plant of the genus Trientalis
          (Trientalis Americana). --Gray.

   Star fort (Fort.), a fort surrounded on the exterior with
      projecting angles; -- whence the name.

   Star gauge (Ordnance), a long rod, with adjustable points
      projecting radially at its end, for measuring the size of
      different parts of the bore of a gun.

   Star grass. (Bot.)
      (a) A small grasslike plant (Hypoxis erecta) having
          star-shaped yellow flowers.
      (b) The colicroot. See Colicroot.

   Star hyacinth (Bot.), a bulbous plant of the genus Scilla
      (Scilla autumnalis); -- called also {star-headed
      hyacinth}.

   Star jelly (Bot.), any one of several gelatinous plants
      (Nostoc commune, Nostoc edule, etc.). See Nostoc.

   Star lizard. (Zool.) Same as Stellion.

   Star-of-Bethlehem (Bot.), a bulbous liliaceous plant
      (Ornithogalum umbellatum) having a small white starlike
      flower.

   Star-of-the-earth (Bot.), a plant of the genus Plantago
      (Plantago coronopus), growing upon the seashore.

   Star polygon (Geom.), a polygon whose sides cut each other
      so as to form a star-shaped figure.

   Stars and Stripes, a popular name for the flag of the
      United States, which consists of thirteen horizontal
      stripes, alternately red and white, and a union having, in
      a blue field, white stars to represent the several States,
      one for each.

            With the old flag, the true American flag, the
            Eagle, and the Stars and Stripes, waving over the
            chamber in which we sit.              --D. Webster.

   Star showers. See Shooting star, under Shooting.

   Star thistle (Bot.), an annual composite plant ({Centaurea
      solstitialis}) having the involucre armed with stout
      radiating spines.

   Star wheel (Mach.), a star-shaped disk, used as a kind of
      ratchet wheel, in repeating watches and the feed motions
      of some machines.

   Star worm (Zool.), a gephyrean.

   Temporary star (Astron.), a star which appears suddenly,
      shines for a period, and then nearly or quite disappears.
      These stars were supposed by some astronomers to be
      variable stars of long and undetermined periods. More
      recently, variations star in start intensity are
      classified more specifically, and this term is now
      obsolescent. See also nova. [Obsolescent]

   Variable star (Astron.), a star whose brilliancy varies
      periodically, generally with regularity, but sometimes
      irregularly; -- called periodical star when its changes
      occur at fixed periods.

   Water star grass (Bot.), an aquatic plant ({Schollera
      graminea}) with small yellow starlike blossoms.
      [1913 Webster]
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