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From The Collaborative International Dictionary of English v.0.48:
Volition \Vo*li"tion\, n. [F., fr. L. volo I will, velle to will, be willing. See Voluntary.] 1. The act of willing or choosing; the act of forming a purpose; the exercise of the will. [1913 Webster] Volition is the actual exercise of the power the mind has to order the consideration of any idea, or the forbearing to consider it. --Locke. [1913 Webster] Volition is an act of the mind, knowingly exerting that dominion it takes itself to have over any part of the man, by employing it in, or withholding it from, any particular action. --Locke. [1913 Webster] 2. The result of an act or exercise of choosing or willing; a state of choice. [1913 Webster] 3. The power of willing or determining; will. [1913 Webster] Syn: Will; choice; preference; determination; purpose. Usage: Volition, Choice. Choice is the familiar, and volition the scientific, term for the same state of the will; viz., an "elective preference." When we have "made up our minds" (as we say) to a thing, i. e., have a settled state of choice respecting it, that state is called an immanent volition; when we put forth any particular act of choice, that act is called an emanent, or executive, or imperative, volition. When an immanent, or settled state of, choice, is one which controls or governs a series of actions, we call that state a predominant volition; while we give the name of subordinate volitions to those particular acts of choice which carry into effect the object sought for by the governing or "predominant volition." See Will. [1913 Webster]